Moral Development As Defined By Lawrence Kohlberg

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Moral development Moral development as defined by Lawrence Kohlberg is a theory that follows moral thinking through a series of three levels and six stages that are sequential and remain consistent.
According to Kohlberg level one is entitled Pre-conventional morality (pre-operational). In this level it consists of two stages: Stage One deals with punishment and obedience or how good or bad something may be. Stage two is instrumental purpose and exchange at this stage one is said to conform to seek satisfaction or praise. Level two is the Conventional morality level (concrete operational). The stages at this level include Stage Three: Mutual Interpersonal Orientation and Stage Four: Social Systems and Conscience Orientation. At these stages an individual seeks the approval of others and begins to process the ideas of society as a means to possibly conform. The third level is Post-conventional morality (formal operations). In addition to the third level Stage Five: Social Contract Orientation deals with an individual becoming aware of justice as it serves in the progression of standards. Stage Six: Universal Ethical Principle Orientation the final stage discusses that at this stage it is the highest of moral development. At this stage individuals are able to distinguish right and wrong on their own terms and make decisions for themselves. As discussed in class it is believed that one can’t skip a stage and that the content learned at a previous stage can’t be

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