Motivation to Improve Performance through Employee Involvement
Leadership and Organizational Behavior; 520
Dr. Laura Jones
February 13, 2017
1 Introduction (Motivation through Involvement)
2 The Important Road Ahead (Optimizing Value and Performance)
A. What is Motivation
B. What is Employee Involvement
3 Leading Characteristics (Management Styles/Organizational Behavior)
A. Understanding the Sticks and Carrots
B. Stimulating Solution/Feedback
4 The Art of Successful Implementation (Strategy and Result)
A. Steps and Phases
Abstract Purpose- The aim of this paper is to determine the extent employee involvement impacts organizational …show more content…
Kahn, 1990; Lawler, 1986). This paper analyzes motivation theory and identifies solutions to questions such as...(1) what is motivation and/or employee involvement, (2) how does motivation affect employment involvement, (3) what affect does employee involvement have towards increasing organizational effectiveness, and finally (4) what needs to happen to change the trajectory of low motivation and employee involvement.
The Important Road Ahead: Optimizing Value and Performance
Understanding the motivating basis of a behavior makes it easier to deal with that behavior and improve performance. Motivation and Employee Involvement are two of the most researched and often, challenging aspects experienced by organizations and leaders today. Many leaders remain, despite clear majority of research, ill-equipped to motivate their employees or lack understanding of link between them. Furthermore, studies indicate that the understanding of the importance of employee involvement by employer is essential to managers because this is a significant predictor of work behavior among employees (e.g. Manojlovich, Laschinger, & Heather, 2002). Thus, to create responsiveness for operational excellence, the employees representing the organization must be valued. Creating this balance, it is essential that business designs encompasses offer support and training for leaders/employees to work well together and appreciate the efforts of each member.
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysGet Access
Employee motivation is, or at least must be, one of the key issues for directors, managers and personnel managers. The leader must be able to find the sensitive strings of his subordinates, which can be motivated by influencing them to achieve high performance. The correct use of motivation encourages staff to make more efficient use of their knowledge, skills, and talents. In today's turbulent, often chaotic environment, commercial success depends on the employee's talent and effort. Despite the many existing theories and practices, some of the motivation of leaders today remains a mystical term. This is partly due to the fact that people are motivated by different things and techniques.
According to researcher Lindner (1998), motivated employees are needed in our rapidly changing workplaces to aid in the survival of organizations. Not only is it important to meet the needs of the consumer, it is equally important that to make sure that associates are taken care of and remain motivated. For this reason, Gibson, Ivancevich, Donnelly and Konopaske (2012) “states much of management’s time is spent addressing the motivation of their employees” (p. 125). According to the Encyclopedia of Small Business (2007), employee motivation is the level of energy, commitment, and creativity employees bring to their jobs; the inner force that drives individuals to accomplish personal and organizational goals (Lindner, 1988). Despite its obvious importance, employee motivation can be an elusive quest for managers due to the multiplicity of incentives that can influence employees to do their best work. The reality is that every employee has different ways to become motivated and the knowledge of how to motivate them is key to organizational success. It is imperative that employers get to know the personal needs and wants of their employees in order to establish tactics in which to motivate each of them. Once achieved, “managers are in a better position to encourage and reward employees to behave in effective ways” (Gibson et al, 2012, p.
“Motivating Employees” is a book about how employee motivation is driven by companies that invest and grow their employees. One of the most important traits of highly effective and successful companies is that employees are happy and have fun at work. Leadership is not assaulting your employees, but to lead your employees you need to motivate by using caring,
There are as many different methods of motivating employees today as there are companies operating in the global business environment. Still, some strategies are prevalent across all organizations striving to improve employee motivation. The best employee motivation efforts will focus on what the employees deem to be important. It may be that employees within the same department of the same organization will have different motivators. Many organizations today find that flexibility in job design and reward systems has resulted in employees ' increased longevity with the company, improved productivity, and better morale.
There is usually a multitude of different positions within an organization. The different positions are determined by the size of the organization. While many positions may have similar characteristics when it comes to performance and compensation many are also at opposite ends of the spectrum. Based on the position, companies may choose different methods of evaluating performance. Companies also choose different pay scales and incentives based on each position. Two positions that may be compared would be a triage nurse and an admission
Employee may affect the performance and at the same time the attitudes of their co-workers in business operation. When business grows, engaging employee is identified as one of the major strategy to help establish initiatives, processes as well as goals to help build positive environment (Cotton, 1993). On the other hand, employee can hesitant to change due to uncertainty. Managers in an organization are supposed to get employee to become much engaged and involved in progressive improvement. Employee involvement entails the way business may improve their performance through dedication and cultivating employee interests.
In other nations meeting the altruistic and simple human needs of being part of something greater than yourself are the driving forces to an engaging environment (Vorhauser-Smith, 2013). According to Major Angelo’s actions of communicating with employees and developing a relationship with them demonstrate how leaders begin to create an engaging environment. According to Harter & Adkins (2015), employees whose manager communicate with them through meetings are practically three times more likely to be engaged as employees whose managers do not hold regular meetings with them. Another method to engage employees is by ensuring they understand their goals and helping them understand the big picture of how their role impacts the whole organization structure.
In internationally competitive business environments, employers need dedicated employees fully committed to the success of their organization (Kenan-Flagler, 2011). Although, there is a difference between employees who are engaged and those who are disengaged in terms of their commitment to the organization, motivation, enthusiasm and their focus on building a better future for their company. In these areas where engaged employees excel, disengaged employees fall short. These employees can have a negative effect on everything from customer service to sales, quality of products, productivity of the workers and other crucial areas of the business. The companies that invest their time in getting to know what matters to their employees are the
Director Administrator and Human Resources/Recruiter are both important functions in a business. They have common commonalities. Between the two, they have distinctive, important functions. The Director of Administrations functions are to meet business goals and organize the personnel in the business. They also operate with financial management and marketing management. Human Resources are responsible to manage, hire, making plans to retain employees, and find the right candidates. Human Resources are an important tool for any organization, industry, and geographic location. The difference between Administration and Human resources is that the administrative function is predominantly to maintain the conditions of employment. On the other hand, Human Resources use the traditional process to manage Riordan Manufacturing’s goals and strategies, which follows with developmental
Over the last several years, the issue of employee motivation inside the workplace has been increasingly brought to the forefront. The reason why is because, globalization has been having an effect on the ability of firms to compete (which is placing more pressure on them). To deal with these challenges, most organizations are relying on their employees. The results are that those employers who are able to use this resource will be able to make adjustments quickly. This is when the firm will be able to maintain their dominance in the marketplace.
Employee participation motivates employees as they play a greater role in shaping the direction of the business. Employees take ownership of the outcomes, and have more incentives to perform at their full potential and feel included and respected. Employee participation also makes work more meaningful as they have a greater understanding of their importance to the organisation.
Motivation in the workplace is one of the major concerns that managers face when trying to encourage their employees to work harder and do what is expected of them on a day-to-day basis. According to Organizational Behavior by John R. Schermerhorn, James G. Hunt and Richard N. Osborn the definition of motivation is "the individual forces that account for the direction, level, and persistence of a person's effort expended at work." They go on to say that "motivation is a key concern in firms across the globe." Through the years there have been several theories as to what motivates employees to do their best at work. In order to better understand these theories we will apply them to a fictitious organization that has the following
Industrial/Organizational (I/O) Psychology is devoted to the study of employee behavior in the workplace and understanding the issues facing organizations and employees in today’s complex and ever changing environment. Motivation refers to the set of forces that influence people to choose various behaviors among several alternatives available to them. An organization depends on the ability of management to provide a positive, fostering and motivating environment for its employees in order to increase profits, productivity and lower turnover rates of its employees. The purpose of this paper is to discuss and compare six academic journal articles and explore the behavior, job, and need based theories of motivation that can aid management in motivating and understanding their employees. Finding that delicate balance to can sometimes be elusive so effectively learning how to motivate by understanding, controlling and influencing factors to manipulate behavior and choices that are available to employees can produce the desired outcome.
Engaging employees and keeping them motivated in their job is important for an organization. Engaged and disengaged employees perform differently from each other. Shuck and Wollard (2013) stated that engaged employees are 18% more productive, 12% more profitable, 12% better at engaging customers, 62% less likely to be involved in a workplace accident, and 27% less prone to absenteeism (as cited in Fleming & Asplund, 2007, p. 169). Additionally, engaged employees are 87% less likely to leave an organization than disengaged employees (Corporate Leadership Council, 2004). Supervisors can play a role in helping employees feel more engaged; therefore leading to less turnover and more productive employees within the organization. There are many theories that have been produced about employee engagement and motivation. Frederick Herzberg produced a theory in 1968 called Motivation – Hygiene Theory. This theory, along with a few others, marked a change in how employee motivation was viewed. This theory will be examined and discussed in terms of social service employees’ engagement and what role supervision plays.