Music Therapy and Child Abuse

2013 Words9 Pages
Literature Review The purpose of this study is to assess the relationship between survivors of child abuse in music therapy sessions on reported self-esteem and perceived locus of control. Sawyer and Judd (2012) define child abuse as a “tragedy that harms children psychologically, emotionally and physically while disrupting healthy development.” Survivors of childhood trauma must live in fear of the accused perpetrator, go to numerous court proceedings, and manage complications associated with changes in family dynamics. Even though it is typically paired with abuse, because child neglect is legally separated, it will not be included in this study when referring to typical abuse (Sawyer & Judd, 2012). As cited in an article by Sawyer and…show more content…
These traditional therapies help with client’s psychosocial needs, but often fail to take into account the victims broken relationship with their physical body. Dance is another universal language, similar to music therapy (Miles & Daniluk, 2002). This study found that a body-inclusive counseling approach is important when working with survivors of child trauma. It is only natural for music therapy to be used to treat survivors of childhood trauma. Music therapy has already been widely used with abused women and men. Hernández-Ruiz, 2005, studied the effect of music therapy on anxiety and sleep patterns of abused women in shelters. Domestic violence effects 22.1% of the women in the United States Hernández-Ruiz, 2005; those who have been abused are more likely to abuse others (Myers, 2005). In this study, Hernández-Ruiz states that these women have the following symptom: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), maladaptive coping mechanisms, perceived absence of support, anxiety and depression. These are similar symptoms that are suggested for victims of child abuse. The researcher found significant differences between those subjects who received music therapy and those who did not receive music therapy. In another study with women who have experienced intimate partner violence by Teague, Hahna and McKinney in 2006, the researcher studied the effects of music therapy with creative arts on anxiety, depression and self-esteem. Silverman states that
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