NI Essay

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Prevalence of Nosocomial Infection (NI)
Nosocomial infections (NI) are acquired in hospitals and other healthcare facility. It is suspected, if the patient had another infection other than the infection, he/she was admitted for; and had “shown no signs of active or incubating symptoms” (Graham, 2016) of present infection. NI is said to occur, if the Infection occurred 48 hours after hospital admission, 3 days after discharge, or 30 days after an operation or surgery procedure. Nowadays, NI is labelled the leading cause of death in hospitals. As it continue to raise headlines as the main cause of most deaths occurring in the hospitals and healthcare facility. The prevalence of NI in hospitals increased from 2003 to 2009,” (Milena, 2017),
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In some cases, patients develop infections due to poor conditions at a hospital and healthcare facility, or due to hospital staff not following proper standard procedures, such as improper hand washing before and after patient care, lack of proper clinical wound cleaning and perineal care. Proper sanitation and other proper healthcare hygiene procedures omitted during patient care. Some patients also “acquire NI by interacting with other patients”, which may result from sharing of personal belongings, and body contact. Others may encounter “bacteria, fungi, parasites, or viruses in their hospital environment” (Graham, 2016). A research on “Human metapneumovirus (hMPV)” recently discovered virus and a member of the subfamily “Pneumovirinae, as the major cause of hospitalization of infants suffering from respiratory tract infection” (French et al., 2016). It can manifest as flu like symptoms, and later dispose into shortness of breath with nasal congestions. It’s likely to be transmitted via direct contact and droplet.
Symptoms of NI
Symptoms of NI vary by type. They include inflammation, discharge, fever, and abscesses. Patients may experience pain and irritation at the infection site, and many experience visible symptoms. Many forms of NI can be diagnosed through sight alone. Pus, inflammation, and rashes may all be indications of infection. “Blood and urine culture tests” (Diekema et al., 2003) can be used to

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