Nationwide Preparation Level for Mass Casualty Incidents in Schools

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Nationwide Preparation Level for Mass Casualty Incidents in Schools [Name] [School affiliation] Title: Nationwide Preparation Level for Mass Casualty Incidents in Schools Research question: Has the school system in the United States developed adequate preparedness plans in the event of a mass casualty incident? Problem statement: The intention of this paper is to analyze and evaluate the manner in which U.S. school facilities deal with mass casualty incidents, with special focus on established guidelines from the last decade and specific events. Major Hypothesis: Efforts to prepare in the eventuality of mass casualty incidents in schools have increased in the past decades. Approximately 55 million children are enlisted in the U.S. educational system, split into 17,000 public school attendants and 29,000 private school members (Council on School Health, 2008). The need for school emergency planning has been recognized for a long time, but until the last few decades, attention fell solely on preparing for natural disasters such as fires, tornadoes, and earthquakes. However, due to a series of heavily mediated school shootings starting with the late 1990s, efforts increased considerably to cover the need for school emergency planning and the importance of coordinated disaster response to a school-located mass casualty incident (Graham et al, 2006). Several terrorist episodes such as the September 11 attack on the World Trade Center, the anthrax mailings, and the

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