The scientific name for the bacterium gonorrhea is Neisseria gonorrhoeae, also known as gonococci or gonococcus. It is a species of gram-negative spherical-shaped diplococci bacteria that is responsible for this disease. It is usually seen in pairs with neighboring sides flattened.
The organism is usually found in the cell in a particular category of white blood cells with various shapes of nuclei, of the gonorrhea pustule exudates with humans as its only natural host.
N. gonorrhoeae is highly efficient in using transferrin-bound iron for in vitro growth. Many strains can also utilize iron. The bacteria bind only to human proteins carrying iron. This specificity is thought to be the reason these bacteria are exclusively human …show more content…
Not every person infected with gonorrhea acquires symptoms, so knowing when to seek treatment can be tricky. When symptoms do occur, they are often within two to 10 days after exposure, but they can take up to 30 days to develop. Gonorrhea symptoms in women include: greenish yellow or whitish discharge from the vagina, lower abdominal or pelvic pain, burning when urinating, conjunctivitis (red, itchy eyes), bleeding between periods, spotting after intercourse, swelling of the vulva, burning in the throat and swollen glands in the throat (due to oral sex). Symptoms in men include: greenish yellow or whitish discharge from the penis, burning when urinating, painful or swollen testicles, burning in the throat and swollen glands in the throat (due to oral sex). In men, symptoms usually appear two to 14 days after infection. The transmission of Gonorrhea is strictly direct contact, most commonly transmitted through sexual contact with an infected person. Transmission of this contagious sexual disease also includes having direct contact with infected bodily fluids. For example, a mother could pass on the infection to her newborn during childbirth. Gonorrhea is an infection of the reproductive system in either women or men. The invading pathogen enters the body through the spaces
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Neisseria gonorrhoeae is the obligate human pathogen that causes the sexually transmitted disease (STD) gonorrhea. This Gram-negative diplococci/gonococci does not infect other animals or experimental animals and does not survive freely in the environment. The gonococcal infection occurs in the upper or lower tract, pharynx, ophthalmic area, rectum, and bloodstream. During the 1980’s gonorrhea was also referred to as “the clap” when public awareness was quite minimal. This was one of the venereal diseases prostitutes hoped to contract since it resulted in infertility by pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). As documentation, diagnostic testing, and public awareness improved, there has been a decline
Syphilis is a harsh sexually transmitted disease. It can be contracted through intercourse and orally with any age or gender. The infection is a spiral shaped bacteria that grows on the mucus of the genitals or mouth. Syphilis has three stages, the first stage is the presence of painless ulcers, also know as chancre. The open sore can develop anytime within ten to ninety days after you have contracted it, which at this time is very contagious. The next stage is where the symptoms really start to show,
| Rash of red, itchy spots that turn into fluid-filled blisters. They then crust over to form scabs, which eventually drop off.It takes seven to 21 days for the symptoms to show after you have come into contact with the virus. This is called the ‘incubation period’.
Gonorrhea is an infection with the bacteriaum 'Nisseria gohorrhoea (GC) which causes gonorrheal infections "the second most commonly reported communicable disease" and which are "easily treated with appropriate antibiotics, but drug-resistant strains are on the rise." (Cook County Department of Health, nd)
Syphilis is a venereal disease that can be contacted and spread by means of sexual intercourse. An infected pregnant mother can also pass the disease to the unborn child during pregnancy. The disease is caused by a corkscrew-shaped bacterium called a spirochete, Treponema pallidum. The bacteria cause sores or ulcers to appear on the skin of the penis, vagina, and mouth. In some occasions, the sore can appear in the rectum, on the tongue, lips, or breast.
Patient C.B. is a 32 –year-old African American female, G2P2 who came to clinic with complaint of burning and frequency with urination and foul odor urine that she said began four days ago.
In Australia even though safe and effective treatments are available for many sexually transmitted infections (STI), there has been a steady increase in cases of gonorrhoea, chlamydia and syphilis in the last five years.
The Organism & it’s Life Cycle: Chlamydia are obligate intracellular parasites, and are among the smallest living organisms. There are two stages in the life of Chlamydia: elementary bodies and reticulate bodies. Another feature of Chlamydia is that they are unable to synthesize their own energy (ATP) and are completely dependent on their host for energy. The organism is in the elementary stage of its life when it encounters its host and is taken up by phagocytosis. It prevents the fusion of
Gonorrhea is caused by the bacteria called Neisseria gonorrhea and affects humans, especially during sexual intercourse. The reservoir for gonorrhea are the male and female reproductive tract, it can also be found in other area of the body including urethra, mouth, eyes and anus. Men who shows no symptoms of urethritis can develop complications later in life and have a higher reservoir rate for the bacteria. Gonorrhea can be transmitted through sexual intercourse through the penis, vagina, mouth, or anus. Furthermore, gonorrhea can also be acquired by the baby from the mother during the delivery of the baby. In addition, re-infection of gonorrhea can occur especially in individual who was previously treated for gonorrhea when they are re-exposed