Nonverbal Communication as a Barrier of Intercultural Communication

2715 WordsOct 4, 201111 Pages
NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION AS A BARRIER OF INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION NAME : M DHONI PERDANA CLASS : PBI-3C NIM : 09202241054 ENGLISH EDUCATION DEPARTMENT YOGYAKARTA STATE UNIVERSITY 2011 CHAPTER 1 BACKGROUND Culture is a complex concept. There are various definitions of culture, ranging from broad to narrow. Moreover, the concept of culture changes as society develops. Presently, many definitions of culture indicate the close relationship between culture and communication. With the continuous development of society, communication between different nations becomes increasingly significant. It is a dynamic process characterized by continuous information exchange between people of different cultural backgrounds. During the…show more content…
In other words, culture plays an important role in communication. Communication is one of the basic needs of human beings. It is also difficult to find a single definition of communication. There are two types of communication, verbal and nonverbal. People usually express themselves through the combination of verbal and nonverbal messages. People are more willing to believe nonverbal messages when verbal and nonverbal messages are inconsistent. Nonverbal communication by means of facial expressions, eye behavior, gestures, posture. Body language expresses emotions, feelings, and attitudes, sometimes even contradicting the messages conveyed by spoken language. Some nonverbal expressions are understood by people in all cultures; other expressions are particular to specific cultures. Nonverbal communication is just as important -- if not more so -- than verbal communication. The way you sit or stand, the tone of your voice, and your general physical behavior are all manners of communication. Non-verbal communication is especially significant in intercultural situations. Probably non-verbal differences account for typical difficulties in communicating. Many scholars and researchers show more interest in nonverbal communication between different cultures than verbal communication because they believe people express their attitude and intention more through nonverbal rather than verbal means. Gunawan (2002) points out that some non-verbal signs popular
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