Nurses Care For Patients Who Undergo Emergent And Preplanned Surgeries
1060 WordsOct 6, 20155 Pages
Nurses care for patients who undergo emergent and preplanned surgeries. Nurses prepare their patients prior to surgery by educating them what the surgery is, what to expect during surgery and the outcome of the surgery. Preoperative anxiety is a result of patient’s anticipation to the surgery manifested by psychological and physiological indicators (Alanazi, 2014). Review of literature shows that preoperative anxiety is a common phenomenon that nurses encounter in practice as they care for patients undergoing surgery (Yilmaz, Sezer, Gurler, & Bekar, 2011). Preoperative anxiety can increase need for anesthesia, pain patient experiences after surgery therefore increases need for pain medication, increase length of recovery time, and delay of discharge (Alanazi, 2014). With the effects of preoperative in mind it is important to understand what preoperative anxiety is and what the symptoms are. The domains of nursing care will be used to explain preoperative anxiety as a nursing phenomenon. American Nurses Association (ANA) Social Policy Statement and ANA scope and standards of care will be used to provide nursing interventions to help reduce anxiety. Nursing care and practice can help patients reduce and manage patient anxiety. The role of Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP) will be discussed in helping reduce preoperative anxiety.
Nursing practice domains will be examined in relation to preoperative anxiety. The nursing domains that will be elaborated are patient,