Nursing reflection.

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Reflective Essay

This essay will look at reflection on a critical incident that has promoted a positive outcome. It is not a very major incident but it stands out as it has a potential for learning. This essay will identify and explain Johns' (1994) model of reflection and explain what reflection is and why reflective practice is necessary and how it can be used. Schone (1983) recommended reflection on critical incidence as a valuable term, sited in Ghaye and Lillyman (1997) a critical incident id defined as

'incidence happen, but critical incidence are produced by the way we look at a situation, it is an interpretation of significance of the event.' (p.8)

Polit and Hungler (1999) defined a critical incident as:

'... an observable and
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They say that models of reflection help us to learn from experiences, help us overcome professional inertia by asking us to look at what we do. They tend to add more meaning to our clinical practice through reflective conversations and influence future actions.

John's model (1994) is a model of guided reflection, this enables reflective practitioners to access, make sense of and learn through experiences. It consists of a series of questions, which are split into five groups. Description, reflection, influencing factors, alternative strategies and learning.

In choosing John's model (1994) there seems to be such a wide range of cues that it enables every aspect of the critical incident to be thought about, described, questioned, feelings are brought about while exploring many issues.

Due to confidentiality the names of the people in this critical incident have been changed due to the Code of Professional Conduct (1992).

While working as a senior care assistant in a busy residential care home I would arrive to work at 3pm get a quick hand over to find out how all the residents have been. One of the care assistants told me that Mary, a ninety-four year old lady who is not so popular with the staff because of her constant buzzing of her call bell, even when she seems not to need help when someone goes to attend her.

Mary had been a resident for nine years and had come to the home because she had a double amputation of her legs and was
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