Obesity : Effective Management For Primary Care Settings

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Running head: OBESTIY IN ADULTS: EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT Nursing Scholarly Project Obesity in Adults: Effective Management in Primary Care Settings MSN 891 Concordia University Wisconsin Darlene C. Beck June 1, 2015 Scholarly Project Rough Draft Abstract As a future clinician working in primary care, I know that managing obesity continues to be a current challenge. Obesity is a contributing factor to chronic conditions such as hypertension, type two diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia. During my clinical rotations, I rarely saw obesity and its risk factors being addressed with patients who clearly fit the definition of being obese. Smith et al. (2011) showed that overweight and obesity are substantial problems in the…show more content…
I developed the PICOT question, in adults with a diagnosis of obesity, how effective is behavioral counselling compared to education on diet and nutrition in reducing the body mass index. To answer the PICOT question this paper will explore published articles that report the results from research that showed a reduction in body mass index from education on diet, exercise and behavioral counselling. As a clinician, along with my peers, we will be at the forefront in treating patients who suffer from obesity and its contributing health problems. Researching effective management will be beneficial to the Practitioner practice as well as the patients we serve. Introduction of Project/Background What is overweight and obesity? According to the World Health Organization, overweight and obesity are defined as an abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. To determine if a patient is considered overweight or obese, many healthcare providers use a tool known as the body mass index. The body mass index is a simple index of weight to height that is commonly used to classify overweight and obesity in adults. It is defined as a person 's weight in kilograms divided by the square of his height in meters (kg/m2) (WHO.gov). The World Health Organization defines overweight and obesity using the BMI as a BMI greater than or equal to 25 is overweight and a BMI greater than or equal to 30 is obesity. The prevalence of obesity in the United States continues to be
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