Organizational Issues and Criminology

1605 Words6 Pages
Introduction- When we think of the criminal justice system in the United States, we are referring to a broad collection of federal, state, and local agencies that are focused on crime prevention and upholding the law. In general, these agencies uphold the law at various levels, investigate crime, process the accused, compile evidence, work with the district attorney, and develop profiles and crime prevention techniques. The process of the criminal justice organization is designed to work in conjunction with the three branches of the U.S. government, and to uphold the Constitution. Organizationally, because there are so many agencies, personalities, interpretations and goals, there tends to be either a crime control model or a due process model. Many scholars see that this is one of the downfalls of the organization, because the tension and competition between the two viewpoints tends to cause negative issues within the system as a whole (Packer, 1964). Organizational Issues and the Criminal Justice System- The manner in which the criminal justice system is organized is vital in understanding the system, as well as building consensus and improved performance. Since the early 1970s, there has been a robust movement towards reorganizing the system. One of the primary paradigms in the scholarly literature surrounding the organizational efficacy of the system is the issue of whether the elements of the organization are autonomous or cooperative units of a larger organization.
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