Outcomes Based Practice – Underpinning Theories and Principles

2404 Words Jun 3rd, 2012 10 Pages
Outcomes Based Practice – Underpinning Theories and Principles
Introduction
If the emphasis that the Care Quality Commission (CQC) has placed on the importance of outcomes is anything to go by, providers of care and support services in today’s care environment may imperil themselves if they do not work to achieve and demonstrate desirable outcomes with and for the people they support in whatever capacity. This much is evident in the way that the CQC in its publication (Guidance about compliance - Essential Standards of Quality and Safety, 2010) highlights what the expected outcomes are to be and then identifies the specific regulations that would lead to meeting the outcome. It is very clear that outcomes are very important. What is
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* Physiological needs are so basic that they are all too obvious. They are needs without which a human being cannot survive and include air, water, food, shelter. * Safety needs are those that take prominence, when the physiological needs have been met. They centre on personal security, financial security, preservation of health and well-being, and a safety net against illness, accidents and their adverse impacts. * The need for love and belongingness are next aspired to, although in some cases, they are so strong as to trump the need for safety, such as someone in an abusive relationship would cling to, even when their safety is compromised. * Esteem presents the normal human desire to be accepted and valued by others, to have expectations of respect from others, a sense of self-esteem and self value either deriving from Maslow’s lower esteem – the need for others to recognise one’s accomplishments, the need for fame etc. – or the higher esteem flowing from one’s own recognition of self worth from having achieved a concrete objective, mastery, self confidence. * The need for self actualisation is the pinnacle of human needs according to Maslow. To reach the point where these needs are met, one needs not only to have met the previous four, but needs to have mastered them as
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