Pacific Seamounts

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A number of islands in the Pacific Ocean, including the Hawaiian islands, were born when magma from a hotspot ejected through the Pacific Plate. The lava which eventually solidified formed the islands or seamounts (mountains under the ocean). Such a theory was proposed by J. Tuzo Wilson in 1960s, suggesting that the volcanic ocean island chains were created when Earth’s plates move continuously over a stationary hotspot. With this mechanism, the islands and seamounts are formed one after another at certain distances apart. The rate at which the Pacific Plate moves can be calculated if the age of a volcanic island and the distance from its hotspot source is known. What you are going to do is to calculate the rate at which the Pacific

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