Parkinson 's Disease : A Common Neurological Disorder

1157 WordsNov 18, 20155 Pages
"I have become a lizard, a great lizard frozen in a dark, cold, strange world.” So says Roberto Garcia d 'orto in his description for Parkinson’s disease. This disease is a very common neurological disorder. Two centuries ago, James Parkinson was the first to describe the disease in detail. He published a monograph, “An Essay on the Shaking Palsy,” describing a neurological illness consisting of resting tremors and an odd form of progressive motor disability, now known as Parkinson’s disease. Parkinson’s disease is associated with many challenges and complexities. The diagnosis, causes and risk factors, and treatments of Parkinson’s disease are the best categories to gain knowledge from about the disease and how it affects the patients’ behaviors. To obtain a valid diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease, clinicians should examine some motor and non-motor features. The motor features of Parkinson’s disease are characterized by resting tremors, muscular rigidity, bradykinesia, and postural and gait impairment. According to Samii, Nutt, and Ransom, “A resting tremor with a frequency of 3-5 Hz is the first symptom in 70% of Parkinson’s disease patients” (1783). Most people, if they have tremors, do not have this range of frequency. Hand tremors are more common in patients as a presenting sign than foot tremors, and they usually get worse with anxiety and walking. Rigidity is another sign of Parkinson’s disease, which is more prevalent in the tremulous limb. Rigidity is the inability
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