Personality Theory And Personality Theories

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Introduction Personality can be defined in many ways due to the individual and unique aspects of personality, and there is yet to be a definitive answer for what personality is and how it comes into being. Generally personality can be defined as the relatively constant, individual and unique characteristics and traits which present themselves to others in different circumstances. Due to the many unknown factors of personality psychologists have suggested many ways in which personality is created, these psychologists pose reasons as to what personality is and how it manifests, these are known as personality theories (Carter & Grivas, 2014). The main two ideas being that of genetically influenced personality and personality which is influenced by the environment one lives and grows up in (Carter & Grivas, 2014). These two theories are known as Nature (Genetics) and Nurture (Environment). Many modern psychologists pose that both nature and nurture work in conjunction with each other (Coon, 1995). Twin/Adoption Through the use of twins, researchers can determine the affect of environment and genetics on personality. This can be done as some twins, known as monozygotic twins (identical twins) have identical genetics and as such any similarity can be presumed to be based on genetics while any difference can be based on environment. Through adoption studies researches can determine if identical twins that were separated at birth are similar and if they are more similar to their
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