Physical Causes And Complications Of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal disorder among women of reproductive age and is caused by an imbalance of a woman's female sex hormones, resulting in higher levels of the male hormone, androgen and have irregular periods.

The ovaries may develop numerous small collections of fluid (follicles) and fail to regularly release eggs. This makes it difficult for women to get pregnant.

The presence of androgen may result in physical signs, such as excess facial and body hair (hirsutism), occasionally severe acne and male-pattern baldness.

Due to the hormone imbalance, a woman with PCOS is more prone to developing diabetes and heart issues.
You should see a specialist, gynecologists if you are experiencing the following
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In addition, your specialist may suggest

• A pelvic exam to check your reproductive organs for masses, growths or other abnormalities.
• Blood tests to measure hormone levels with additional tests for glucose tolerance and fasting cholesterol and triglyceride levels due to increased risk of developing diabetes and heart problems
• An ultrasound to check the appearance of your ovaries and the thickness of the lining of your uterus.

PCOS treatment focuses on managing your individual concerns, such as infertility, hirsutism, acne or obesity. Specific treatment might involve the following

• Weight loss might improve your symptoms, help with infertility and increase the effectiveness of the medications

• Combination birth control pills that contain estrogen and progestin decrease androgen production and regulate estrogen. Effective hormone regulation can lower your risk of endometrial cancer and reduce abnormal bleeding, excess hair growth and acne.

o Taking progestin-alone can regulate your periods and protect against endometrial cancer. However, it cannot improve androgen levels and will not prevent pregnancy from occurring.

• To address ovulation issues, Clomiphene (an oral anti-estrogen
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