Policy In Pakistan

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US policy in Pakistan largely centres around expending military aid to combat regional terrorism and facilitate peace in Afghanistan. However, it has hardly achieved any tangible results.

The Pakistani army, which supersedes it’s elected government, diverted these funds towards anti-India terror factions for covert proxy wars due to it’s historic rivalry with India. These terror factions carried out the Mumbai terror attacks in 2008, attracting censure from Pakistan’s civilians and international condemnation at a time when US strategic convergence with India was growing. Simultaneous changes in Pakistan’s military leadership led to attempts to dissolve these groups, who turned on it instead. They subsequently allied themselves with
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The fundamental problem was a lack of leverage : Pakistan had no interest in a peaceful Afghanistan but the US had no other partner to turn to.

Eventually, the Pakistan army lost control over some of these terror groups, who linked up with al-Qaeda, Taliban and more recently, the Islamic State, across the porous Afghanistan border. In light of pressure from the US and it’s growing non-state actors, the Pakistan military attempted to curb these groups but failed. Consequently, these groups pledged alliance to one of al-Qaeda, Taliban or the Islamic State and amped up terror attacks within Pakistan. This reached the tipping point in December 2014, when members of the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan killed 243 children in an army school. In response, the Pakistani army killed 3500 terrorists of the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan and other internal terror factions in Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) near the Afghanistan border, over the last two years. Simultaneously, the Pakistani media blamed the US for Pakistan’s thriving internal violence and anti-American sentiment amongst civilians grew.

While this was a major counter-terrorism initiative, Pakistan has an episodic history of reverting to proxy terrorism. It continues to harbour anti-India terror groups, which could be refocused towards India, once tensions with the Tehrik-i-Taliban subside and Pakistan could resume double crossing the US. However,
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