Political Conditions In A Thousand Splendid Suns

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1.1 Background of the research
Afghanistan, (which literally means Land of the Afghan) is a mountainous land-locked country located in Central Asia. It has a history and culture that goes back over 5000 years. There are two ethnic groups that amend in Afghanstan; Persian and Arya. The majority of the ethnic group is Perisan. Most of the people in Afghanistan are Islam. In Afghanistan, Islam not only become the spiritual identity, but also the orientation for social life as an ideology to government. Previously, the government system in Afghanistan was an empire lead by King through the prime minister. The decision of the government with the Islamic ideology often regarded as absolute discretion based on the recommendation of religion.
In 1973, Zahir Shah, the last King of Afghanistan was ousted by his own cousin, Sardar Mohammed Doud with the aid of the party. Since then the political situation in Afghanistan turned into a democracy. This revolution is known as the Saur
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In this thesis the writer wants to analyse how the condition of the Taliban rules in Afghanistan and its impact toward female characters as pictured in the novel A Thousand Splendid Suns.

1.3 The scope of the research
In doing the analysis of the novel A Thousand Splendid Suns, the writer makes some points to limit the research. In short term, the research will strive to answer these respective questions:
1.3.1 What are the difference of the Afghanistan’s social condition before and after the Taliban take control of Afghanistan
1.3.2 How does the Taliban rules in Afghanistan as seen in Khaled Hosseini’s work A Thousand Splendid Suns and also in the reality in Afghanistan.
1.3.3 What are the impacts of the Taliban rules toward the life of women characters as seen in Novel A Thousand Splendid
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