The first migration of humans began about 40,000 years ago in an area called Near Oceania. Over the years these humans produced culture diversity as well as linguistic and genetic diversity. Around 4,000 years ago people from the Asian mainland, “Austronesian speakers”, brought Lapita culture to Western Oceania. Around 1200 BC, the Austronesians expanded to Eastern Oceania. This led to the islands in the Eastern Pacific to be colonized as well as New Zealand in 1250 AD. It is believed the Polynesians made their way to the Americas because sweet potatoes from South America and Coconut Palm Trees from Central America spread throughout the Pacific basin at this time.
European explorers and trading ships sailed to the western rim