Population Movements Between Anatolia And Balkans

2439 WordsOct 24, 201410 Pages
Starting from the late 19th century, several massive population movements between Anatolia and Balkans took place. As a result of newly establishing nationalities and territories, homogenizing ethno-religous character of populations constituted one main background of this reciprocal immigration waves. In spite of the idea of creating ethnic commonness, immigrated populations in many ways bear distinct social-cultural characteristics from local cultures. This created in historically and spatially specific contests and struggles during settlement periods; had great effects on pre-existing social, cultural and economic environments of sending and receiving localities (Keyder, 1994). Gender relations were not out of these metamorphoses;…show more content…
Within the decade of immigration and industrial expansion, a unique historical condition came into existence. Immigrant women were increasingly hired especially by food-processing and textile factories. Local women, however, were almost entirely outside of expanding industrial production or they were employed at only marginal levels. As the following pages will discuss, this peculiarly high economic activity of immigrant women was relied on the distinct work identities of them. The cultural meaning of work which were naturalized by immigrant women in their everyday life were stark contrast to restrictive gender order in Bursa; this enabled them to enter into factories while local women were substantially staying in domestic spheres. While stressing the significant difference in the level of female employment rates, however, this study does not intend to investigate the hiring processes or focus on the supply/demand factors. Rather, the main concerns will be on the distinct language immigrant women used in their everyday life to define the meaning of work; through which particular emphases, symbols and metaphors the social meaning of work were associated with differentiated gendered values and identities. In addition, the cultural distinction being used here to explain varied meanings of work will not be essentialized as the unchanging,
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