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Positivism And Epistemology In Social Research

Decent Essays
The continued growth of knowledge and concepts can refer as the research philosophy (Singh, 2010). Knowledge and its principles that are concerning in the research philosophy is crucial for an appropriate research analysis (Jonker and Pennink, 2010). Nine different theoretical those are generally applied in social research such as postmodernism, feminism, interpretivism, constructionism, and positivism (Crotty, 1998). Two types of this theory are described in detail below.

Positivism versus Interpretivism
The idea of positivism depends on the presence of an outer social world, which is the reason to use the objective method to test the properties more than subjective induction utilizing instinct, reflection or sensation (Bhattacharya, 2009). Positivism involves the selection of natural logical philosophical techniques (Cheswell, 2003). Positivists notice the social reality, which causes speculations like the law that has been found by physical researchers (Jonker and Pennink, 2010). The hypothesis can be removed and tested utilizing this approach, prompting an exhaustive examination of the law (Bhattacharya, 2009).

On the other hands, interpretivism is an epistemology that necessary for the researchers to comprehend the distinction between people by social action. This philosophy requires the exploration to manage amongst people not by an object like a computer (Babbie, 2010). Therefore, the significant differences between positivism and interpretivism are illustrated as
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