What is Cocaine? Cocaine is the most powerful stimulant of natural origin. It is taken from the leaves of the coca plant which is native to the Andean highlands of South America. It is a potent brain stimulant and one of the most addictive drugs. In ancient times, South American natives used coca for religious and medicinal purposes. The natives took advantage of cocaine’s stimulant properties to fight fatigue and hunger or to enhance endurance.
Methamphetamines have been proven to increase sexual drive and desire, which have led scientists to believe that can positively alter motivational behavior when it comes to sex. For obvious ethical reasons this hypothesis cannot be tested on humans so experimenters have succumbed to using animals. In this certain experiment, Japanese quails were the test subject. The experimenters gathered 45 male, sexually matured Japanese Quails, all between the ages of 2 and 3 months old. These quails were put into a cage that contained photo beams to track the quails. These 45 quails were either injected with 5.6 mg/kg of Methamphetamine hydrochloride, or meth, 3 mg/kg of meth, or 1 ml/kg of saline once per day for 10 days. After this period of time the
In 1970, the controlled substances act was passed to regulate the manufacture and distribution of drugs whose use may result in dependency or abuse. Since the Act was passed anyone who has access to Controlled substance is watch and monitored very carefully by the Drug Enforcement Administration which is a branch of the department of justice, to regulate the use of these drugs. This includes to prescribing, refilling, and storing the controlled substances. This law is in place to control the distribution of these drugs legally and illegally. Doctors and medical assistants are responsible for maintaining the controlled substances in the office, with that when a drug is leaving an office it is critical to log the patients name, drug name, dose, date, ordering physician, and employee who handled the procedure. With having this law in place the bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs Established a Schedule to categorize these Controlled substances. Schedule I, The high category of high risk drugs are not approved for medical use. These include heroin, Marijuana, opium, peyote, mescaline, etc.. Schedule II, are the drugs with a high instance of abuse or addiction and no refills are allowed. A new prescription is always
In 1971, President Nixon created the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970 commonly known as the War on Drugs. The war on drugs was implemented to combat production, distribution, and consumption of illegal drugs (Olaya & Angel, 2017). In 2007, law enforcement officers made approximately two million drug arrests in the United States (Potter, 2014). Supporters state that the war on drugs was successful because it lowered the amount of drug users in the United States, created a deterrence in crime, as well as it provided stability in areas that were volatile and impoverished. On the other hand, critics of the war on drugs argue that the war on drugs did not diminish crime rather it created an international drug enterprise. In addition, critics would debate the misallocation of resources and funds and it lead to an increase of crime and overcrowded prisons.
Medication must be stored in a secure locked cupboard or area as this is part of the role of a Support Practitioner. It is my duty to ensure that the risks to the health of others are properly controlled.
The storage of medicines is usually a matter for service users and their families however special procedures may need to be exercised in some cases to protect a vulnerable service user. Where it is inappropriate for the service user to have access this will identified in the care plan and medication must be kept in a safe place which is known and accessible to relative, care/support workers, health professionals and domiciliary care staff.
* Trained and designated care workers give controlled drugs, another trained, and designated staff should witness. (Standard 9.7 and 20.9)
The Hazardous Waste Regulations 2005 forbids the mixing of different types of hazardous waste (medication, needles and gloves), and the mixing of hazardous waste with non-hazardous waste in health care settings. This means that health care settings will need at least two containers, one for ‘hazardous waste and one for ‘Non-hazardous. It’s classed an offence if health care settings don’t follow the rules when getting rid of hazardous waste. This regulation also states that when people don’t need their medication they should be returning it them the pharmacy instead of disposing them in the bin.
Ensures all the pills are separated into the correct times as well as days. And
dispose properly of leftover drugs which can be hazardous to the environment and not allowing
Schedule 8 drugs are medications that are considered to contain substances that may produce addiction or dependence; they are available for use but require restrictions on possession and use to reduce abuse and misuse (Koutoukidis, Stainton, Hughson, 2013, p 436).The Drugs and Poisons Act specifies the storage requirements for controlled drugs that apply to providers (Drugs and Poisons Act 1996, p 115). This specification applies to patients/residents receiving high-level care and the patient or resident has been supplied S8 controlled medicines on a prescription or medication order. All medications in a residential facility or on a hospital ward are required to be kept in a locked cupboard. The Drugs and Poisons Act is very specific on the requirements such as; constructed of steel 10 millimetres thick; fitted
The United States should decriminalize drugs because it would keep people out of jail and stop overcrowding of jails, there are people with worst crimes that should be in jail. It will also stop wasting the taxpayers money, and it could increase the economy, also some states have already legalized drugs and the banning of drugs isn’t effective.
The use of illegal drugs is most often perceived by society as purely negative. As in, individuals who partake in the illegal activity and are caught deserve to be punished and serve their time in jail. Now, this solution may aid in keeping criminals away from society for the time they are serving but it does not help dramatically reduce the likelihood that these individuals will relapse into their drug addiction once they are out. Drug and substance abuse should be perceived as public health and safety crisis rather than a moral dilemma. Therefore, the criminal justice system needs to implement a treatment program that goes along with a drug user’s jail time to increase the chances that they will become actual functioning and contributing members of society.
Despite some hesitance to reporting CRNAs with substance use disorder, depending on the state, individuals may have certain legal responsibilities to report an impaired colleague. According to the AANA, “States may hold colleagues responsible for harm to patients if they fail to report a coworker in whom substance use disorder is suspected” (2016). A chemically impaired provider might give inappropriate doses in an effort to divert some of the narcotic resulting in inadequate analgesia for the patient (Luck and Hedrick, 2004). Impairment of a colleague in the workplace can have harmful patient safety implications. Bringing a suspected colleague to the attention of a supervisor or someone who can help is an act of caring and concern, not
The city of Philadelphia is home to some of the richest and most influential history the United States has to offer, but it’s also home to a very large crime rate. Heroin and opioids have been largely abused for continuous decades in cities like Philadelphia throughout the world and the law needs to come down with harder sanctions to combat this issue. This is largely in part because crime simply leads to more crime. Another reason why more rigid law structure needs to be centralized around heroin and opioid abuse is that previous addicts from all sorts of backgrounds rarely maintain remission, but end up relapsing. In fact, heroin is one of the most addictive drugs in the world. Not to mention, basic necessities within the city, such as public space for its residents, have transitioned to heavily policed areas due to drug use. The conjunction of all these issues demands for more firm and rigid laws which will help to diminish drug use in America.