Ptsd : Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

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PTSD, post-traumatic stress disorder is a mental disorder or serious condition that can develop after a victim who has witnessed or experienced a traumatic event.(American Psychiatric Association, 2013) When PTSD was identified as an mental health condition by the psychologist? The term PTSD first appeared in the 1980s, but the concept of this disorder can be traced back to 1952 when the first edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, DSM was published. The stress reaction of PTSD in DSM-I is defined as a “normal personality established patterns of reaction to deal with overwhelming fear”. In 1978, the Committee of Reactive Disorders decided to name this stress reaction as Post-traumatic Stress Disorder.(Andreasen 2010) The definition of PTSD has changed through different edition of the DSM. Definition of PTSD (DSM5) In the current edition of DSM 5th edition, PTSD is defined as a mental disorder that has a small chance to develop when a person is exposed to one or more traumatic events such as war, natural disasters, terrorist attack, accidents, different kinds of life threat, or physical or sexual assaults. Most survivors of the events might feel anger, fear, shock or even guilt, but these reactions are common. Through time and good care, survivors usually can get better and move on. However, some survivors might experience serious stress reactions, numbing memories and hyper arousal of the traumatic events. When the symptoms get worse for a
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