Policy analysis is an assessment of specific healthcare policy to determine its effectiveness in improving patient care outcomes. As an organization continues to grow in complexity; health status indicators provided gauges for process to be assessed and evaluated for restructuring. This provides new opportunities for evaluating policies, guidelines and procedures that enhances patient care to benefit all stakeholders. Transformational leaders are healthcare professionals whose knowledge and experience are required when policies analysis is needed that may require examination, designing, implementation, and evaluation for a practice change. In healthcare systems globally, transformational leaders are task with
At the beginning of this article, the author brings up the fields of policy studies, how to understand the policy making and how they
Policymaking is a political process which is affected by various social and economic factors (Hofferbert, 1974) and media systems play an integral role in shaping the social context in which policies are developed. Through the media, citizens learn how government policies will affect them, and governments gain feedback on their policies and programs. Media systems act as the primary channels between those who might want to influence policy and the policymakers '' controlling the scope of political discourse and regulating the flow of information. Textbook policymaking follows an orderly sequence where problems are identified, solutions devised, policies adopted, implemented, and lastly evaluated (Mazamanian & Sabatier, 1989). In reality,
This paper is a review of chapter’s one (1), two (2) and three (3) in Thomas A. Birklands (2016) fourth edition regarding policy process. The reading attempts to define and show what is meant by policy process, how government, politics and the public are intertwined, problems that are associated with the policy process and how we address the problems. Current day events as well as past history are applied to the practice of policy process which assists in defining the process and highlighting its connection and importance. Thomas A. Birklands refers to the Clinton administration, the Obama administration and the George W. Bush administration, the DARE Program, World War II, and the Vietnam War, in the chapters and leads us down a path discussing
In this paper we will discuss the final stages of how a topic becomes a policy. The paper will discuss formulation, implementation, and the legislation stage. These stages must be done in this order to ensure the policy is being formed the correct way and not scattered around. This paper will also consist of the evaluation stage, analysis stage, and revision stage and describe the purpose and methodologies process for evaluating and revising a public policy.
In recent years our newspapers, televisions, and radios have been inundated with news stories about sexual offenders and sexual predators. Stories such as the kidnapping and murder of Polly Klass, Carlie Brucia, Amber Hagerman, and Jessica Lunsford have shocked the nation. Sex offenders and predators commit despicable acts; however, their acts seem more despicable when they are committed upon the most venerable members of our society, our children. Even with the new Jessica Lunsford legislation in Florida some citizens feel that it is not enough to keep their communities safe. Many cities are now looking at limiting the areas in which sex offenders and predators can live in hopes of protecting children. Many
Congress has responded to the public outcry for action in the face of unacceptable suicide rates and has passed multiple pieces of legislation aimed at correcting the problem. The 2007 Joshua Omvig Bill directed the VA to develop “data systems to increase understanding of suicide among Veterans and inform both the VA and other suicide prevention programs” (Veterans Affairs, 2012, p. 7). In 2015, President Obama signed the Clay Hunt Suicide Prevention for American Veterans Act into Law, requiring the VA to “make it easier for veterans to find mental health resources, do more to recruit and retain professionals” and to increase “accountability for the government programs serving them” (Baker, 2015, para. 2). This recent legislation tends to be
DC’s Mayor Muriel Bowser is calling upon us as a policy analysis team to evaluate the Homeward DC plan. This plan is a living document that is to be continually updated with informed and comprehensive analytical feedback to bridge the gaps within the strategic plan. Through the provision of our annual policy analysis Muriel Bowser is confident that resolving homelessness in the nation’s capital within the next four years is an achievable end.
Throughout times, democracy has emerged as the best political way to rule a country. Within democratic systems, citizens have to vote for people who will represent them in the decision-making system. The question that John Kingdon wanted to understand in his writing of How Do Issues Get on Public Agendas? is how the legislative process and the public policies are made. John Kingdon well illustrates the processes by which an issue becomes policy issue, named the Cohen-March-Olsen, and the coming together of three processes. In the Cohen-March-Olsen, Kingdon proposed three stream: problem-recognition, policy stream of proposals and political stream.
Simply defining policy is a plan of action, is a little too simplistic, the idea of policy must be explored at a greater depth if policy analysis is to have any real impact. Stephen Bell, (1993) states that policy exists in a number of formats. This first being “policy as text”, policies are the result of a great deal of debate and compromises that
Governmental policies and politics play a critical role in the realization of change in a public agency since the policies are developed and implemented at various levels (Dukeshire & Thurlow, 2002). Since these policies may range from formal regulations and legislation to informal guidelines in an agency, understanding them is important in the achievement of change in a public agency. A Public agency basically functions based on the established policies and politics in the government. Therefore, the accomplishment of the change in a public agency requires an increased understanding of the politics and policies of government.
Every fourth-year teacher trainees will have to conduct practicum and will work under the guideline of their associate teachers and supervisors. The purpose of doing the practicum are to put training into practice, to become accustomed to teaching in the tertiary school settings, and to develop and expand each trainee’s teaching expertise and confidence. In the following paragraph, I will express what I have learnt from doing practicum to reflect on my past teaching strengths and weaknesses from the teaching practicum.
The discussion went well. The topic I covered was over how policy is implemented and the tools needed to achieve the end goal, which is success. I open the floor with a simple acronym I was taught in Grad school, which is “K.I.S.S” Keep it simple stupid. It is my opinion that anyone can recite words learned or heard; however, to have a mutual debate, or conversation both parties should understand the verbiage. This way the other party does not assume the conversation is belittling. I also displayed the page number on the all power-points to simplifying the initiative to everyone being on the same page [no pun intended]. I was quite nervous and reading the power points seemed to be a bit tedious for me. My classmate answered questions immediately. Congress enacts the law, does not result with action from governmental agencies, or the compliance on the part of the [people’s] behavior the policy seeks to change. Classmates’ opinions agreed with this statement. The literature also states the initial debate over policy is, therefore about whether something really is a problem, to what extent it is a problem, who it affects, and so on p300. Well the conversation veered today military opinions and answers were expressed per military experience as an employee of the government. E.E. Schattschneider chimed in with the statement the definition of the problem is treated throughout the
A definition of participation: for the purposes of this note a useful definition of public or community participation is that adopted by Stoker (1997) for ‘political participation’ (following Parry et al, 1992): members of the public ‘taking part in any of the processes of formulation, passage and implementation of public policies’. This is a wide-ranging definition, which extends the emphasis of public participation beyond the development of policy, to decision-making and implementation.