Article Reflections on the Self: A Case Study of a Prosopagnosic Patient (2008) and Movement Cues Aid Face Recognition in Developmental Prosopagnosia (2015) give a review on visual agnosia. These article’s main focus is on prosopagnosia. Sigmund Freud coined the term visual agnosia back in 1891. Visual agnosia is the ability to see an image and store it, but there is an impairment in visually recognizing the specific object. There are a plethora of subtypes of visual agnosia, which include prosopagnosia (the inability to recognize faces), achromatopsia (the inability to distinguish different colors), landmark agnosia (the inability to recognize buildings and places), etc. If one suffers from visual agnosia they can have multiple subtypes of associative agnosia. In the review case study, The Man Who Mistook his Wife for a Hat (Sacks, 1995), Dr. P was diagnosed with Prosopagnosia, Landmark Agnosia, and Simultagnosia. The first article, Reflections on the Self: A Case Study of a Prosopagnosic Patient by Stanley Klein, Rami Gabriel, Cynthia Gangi and Theresa Robertson take a look at a patient who suffers from prosopagnosia and how it can affect one’s personality. Researchers were curious to see if there was a relationship between brain activity of someone with prosopagnosia and their personality. They were interested in this specific topic because of the historical importance of the brain’s process of facial recognition. Based on evolution, an important mechanism for survival
The first and most obvious evidence supporting face specific perception in the FFA is prosopagnosia, which is the inability to recognize familiar faces due to brain damage.
The areas of productiveness in this session for me included the paraphrasing and minimal encouragers. Throughout this session I felt that my paraphrasing was clear and concise. It allowed the client to think about what he had said, while being able to provide me with feedback and allowed for the conversation to flow naturally.
The ancient Greek philosopher Thales once said that the most difficult things in life is to know yourself. Throughout the course of my 29 years of life, this quote has proven at times to be true, yet at other times false. How is it that in one lifetime there can be such clear moments of self-awareness followed by such dark moments of self-doubt? Is this a normal way to experience this one life I have on this earth, or is there a more stable way to navigate through the everyday moments? Am I really living my life to the fullest and in a way that truly honors my great God? These are just a few of the questions that contribute to the core of my self-reflection and that guide my future. These types of questions, as I have realized throughout the past three months, coupled with my past experiences and particular family system, could be well explored through a variety of therapeutic lenses. The three developed theories that will be applied to my past, present, and future in this paper are: Psychoanalytical Therapy, Cognitive Behavior Therapy, and Family Systems Therapy. This paper will begin with my brief autobiography followed by how the aforementioned theories could be applied to specific areas of my life. I will conclude with a self-designed personal theory and how that theory could be integrated into my life. Throughout this process it is my hope to navigate through some of the difficulty of knowing myself.
Dr. P, a musician and teacher who had developed visual agnosia, had difficulty processing what he sees, especially faces, he could only identify them by features which he remembered. He only completed tasks if he was singing, if interrupted, he could no longer remember what he was doing nor complete it. Sacks diagnosed Dr. P with prosopagnosia, the inability to identify
Prosopagnosia is a severe disorder which the person cannot recognize recognizable people from the face. Prosopagnosia is also known as face blindness. Face blindness is a recognized disorder; it can vary from person to person and situation to situation. It is not an issue with vision or absent mindedness. People with prosopagnosia have trouble with physical recognition. Recognition and memory are different. Memory is the thoughts, opinions and past experiences that is in our mind. The face is the key to accessing the memory of the person. We may forget someone here and there, but that’s not a big deal. People with prosopagnosia forget often and could even forget their family. While some people have a very selective impairment that only influences the recognition of faces, others find have the disorder that extends to the recognition of other stimuli, such as objects, cars, or animals. “Many people also report deficits in other aspects of face processing, such as judging age or gender, recognizing certain emotional expressions, or following the direction of a person 's eye gaze. Finally, a substantial proportion of prosopagnosics reports navigational difficulties.” (Sarah Bate 2015)
On Sunday, December 3, 2017, I delivered my first oral presentation on Janette, a peer in my Communicating Effectively course at Manhattanville College. The objective of the project was to familiarize yourself with a classmate, ask/answer questions provided by Professor Brosnan, and then share the knowledge you gained about the individual in a two-minute presentation. The presentation was required to introduce the classmate, what graduate program they are pursuing, why he/she is in the program, their long-term career goal(s), current occupation, favorite class, and an interesting fun fact. The oral presentations were done in the classroom without any visual aid, allowing you to use notes if preferred. By analyzing my 1 minute and 25 second presentation using the “7 Step Presentation Process” I uncovered my strengths and weaknesses as a presenter.
Prosopagnosia is not known to improve over time. This is dependant however, on the individual and the type of brain damage inflicted (where brain damage is the cause). Due to Alice’s age and severity of the injury it is unlikely that she will see major improvements in her condition. Furthermore, prosopagnosia has no known cure, so instead Alice’s recovery focused on assisting her to become more aware and accepting of her condition. This included support in developing day-to-day strategies to compensate for her lost ability.
A visual scanpath can be used to determine whether the person was previously exposed to a certain face, even in the absence of explicit recognition. Such effect can be seen by decreased number of fixations and sampling of fewer regions due to prior experience of an observer. Previous studies, have shown that DPs do not always show evidence of covert recognition. It is not clear whether DPs have internal representations of faces and the pathways connecting them are damaged or whether they do not posses any facial representations. (Bate). The difference between scanning saccades while viewing famous and novel faces can provide evidence for any residual memories that can be intact. Some researchers argue that patients with developmental prosopagnosia should not exhibit covert recognition since they DPs have defective facial processing since childhood and facial memories rely on making memories(Bate). Such is not true for patients that have acquired
2. The participants of the experiential group first consisted of 38 hereditary prosopagnosia individuals from 7 families. However to make sure each individual truly had this effect several pilot studies were performed, such as a diagnostic approaches,
People with prosopagnosia cannot remember faces and they always fail to recognize people out of context, including their family, close friends and even themselves in the mirror or photographs. Besides, the sufferers tend to label and describe others not by their facial features, but by other distinctive features such as voices, clothing and postures. As for children, it is said that they will be extremely clingy and become anxious when their parents leave them. It is because; the children with prosopagnosia could not reliably recognize their parents if they are separated. They also need longer time to mingle and be able to recognize their playmates. Moreover, they will become annoyed and angry if their mothers change their appearance; such
As the first five weeks of Writing 39B have passed, I believe that I have made some improvements in my writing as a result of the feedback from the professor, the multiple writing assignments, and reading the Anteater’s Guide to Writing and Rhetoric. Although I can still improve in all facets of my writing, the progress I have made so far was very much needed.
Agnosia is defined as the inability to recognize objects through the processing of sensory information, which means there is no deficit in semantic memory or problems with naming objects. An individual suffering from agnosia still possesses all the relevant semantic information tied to a precept, but they cannot recognize the precept when it is presented to them and therefore trigger the recall of said information. There are many types of agnosia, but this essay will focus on visual object agnosia and prosopagnosia. The former is the inability to recognise objects: patients suffering from visual object agnosia do not have impaired vision, and in some cases can even copy the object they are seeing (patient H.J.A., Humphreys & Riddoch, 1987) or draw it from memory (patient D.F., Milner & Goodale, 1992), but are unable to recognize it when they see it. In the latter, prosopagnosia, patients cannot recognise faces of familiar individuals, and have to rely on other characteristics such as their voice or clothing to recognize them. Patients suffering from prosopagnosia can either acquire it through a lesion in relevant brain areas (acquired prosopagnosia) or for less understood reasons have it from birth, in which case it is termed developmental prosopagnosia. The study of patients with agnosia is integral to the field of visual recognition, as the specifics of their deficits can provide great insight into the ways our brain processes information; for example, the location of
One of my biggest strengths is working well under a lot of stress and pressure. The more commitments I have, the better I seem to work. Being an RA, being on CAB exec board and being in other clubs around campus forces me to have deadlines and a routine that I stick to every day. Having free time is something I do not cope well with because I am used to always moving and working so if free time is given I have to use that time for something productive. I am not one of those students who can watch Netflix during the semester because if I am doing that then I know I am doing something wrong. If I am lucky enough to be picked for SRA next year, and have CAB, it will help me create a good routine for my day to day life which then enables me to get my work in on time. A thought one may have, though, is if I have too much on my plate, my work will suffer and not be as best as it can be, but, being a perfectionist, I refuse to submit work I am genuinely proud of which allows my work to never suffer.
The Self Every situation that an individual is exposed to throughout life, helps mold our “self.” As humans we have the ability to see ourselves from the outside, and all through life we try to see what others see and our “self” revolves around the generalized other. We observe how others perceive us and we make conclusions depending on our observations. How we act around others depends on the image we feel they have towards us.