Master of Science in construction project Management with BIM
University of Northumbria, Newcastle
ABSTRACT: Building Information Modelling, an introduced effective tool in AEC (Architecture, Engineering, and Construction) Industry worldwide, is a digital representation of physical and functional characteristics generating dramatically higher quality information and communication process augmenting predictability and profitability (Ray Crotty, 2012). BIM has been adopted in the USA(United States of America) and UK(United Kingdom) for last few year to improve their construction sector but in contrast to it, Indian AEC firm is just initializing BIM process in the construction and management field. This paper reviews …show more content…
Quantity surveying, Design analysis (based on the type of materials), Wood and other fabrication works can be induced in one single model to reduce the number of complications thereby increasing visualization and also functionalization within construction project team.
2. WORLDWIDE ADOPTION OF BIM:
In the present scenario, BIM acts as an important key tool for growth in Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry globally. As per Mc Graw Hill construction Report (2012), the percentage of BIM adoption in the United States of America (USA) is been gradually expanded from 49% in 2009 to over 71% in 2012. And by United Kingdom Government in 2011, BIM is mandated in Government Projects to reduce delays of projects, carbon level, and cost overruns. And also in Singapore Government provides funds for adopting BIM and to increase its usage among AEC industry.
Table. 1: BIM – GLOBAL ADOPTION: BIM INITIATIVE
USA The USA is a first and foremost country in adopting, using BIM effectively where the percentage is increased from 49% (2009) to 71% in 2012.
UK BIM is mandated in Government Projects to reduce delays of projects, carbon level and cost overruns by UK Government,2011.
AUSTRALIA The survey carried out by Environment innovation and Industry Council, 2010
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysGet Access
Building information modeling is a coordinated set of processes which is supported by technology for digital representation of physical and functional characteristics of places. It is a process that relies on information rich models to help owners and Architectural/Engineering/Construction (AEC) service providers to more efficiently plan, design, construct and manage building and infrastructure projects. Building information modeling is now becoming more popular and transforming the global AEC industry. The usage of BIM now is on high rise because it provides greater
This essay aims to offer an outline of the main points and aspects of the scope and importance of Building Information Modelling in three key areas in construction projects:
In his paper, the author explains us how the technology advancement is taking place, how 2D modelling started initially, how it led to 3D modelling and now how building information modelling techniques are being linked to 3D modelling. BIM is not just about modelling, but it also includes project planning, design and construction. He clearly explains what BIM is in the form of a flow chart. Where he says that B in BIM stands for Residential, commercial, healthcare, institutional, sports and entertainment, I in BIM stands for Spatial, element, systems, quantities, schedule, operations and M in BIM stands for site, architectural, structural, MEP systems, sustainability and management. This all phases of the program are a continuous chain where programming, design, pre construction, construction, operations, and demolition are done. This research also supports that the concept of building information modelling is not only useful for the building’s geometric modelling, but also it can assist in the management of construction projects. In this research, the author has collected information from 35 construction projects that have already utilized BIM. The most common result that was observed was the cost reduction. For some people, BIM is a software application, where as for others, it is a process for designing and documenting
(“Building Information Modeling”) BIM is digital, meaning it is able to be shared with all people working on the project so that it can be modified where it is needed. Along with being able to share, BIM is capable of showing how much pressure is applied to objects in the buildings. The materials these objects are made of can also be changed very easily with a few taps on a screen or clicks of a mouse. With all this in mind, where is building information technology going? Well, right now, it is going nowhere for a few reasons. People may take courses and tutorials in different programs, but in the end, it is still difficult to see errors. Most errors are able to blend in with the pieces that are in the correct place. The issue is that the computer isn’t aware. Computers are being given commands, they aren’t able to point out what is wrong because they don’t know. Another issue is that everyone working on a project using BIM must know what they are looking at and how to use the tools. Until these issues are resolved, BIM won’t be going into the future improved. (Azhar Salman, “Building Information Modeling (BIM): Benefits, Risks and
B.I.M stands for Building Information Modeling, intelligent model-based process that provides insight to help you plan, design, construct, and mange buildings and infrastructure. B.I.M changes how buildings, infrastructure, and utilities are planned, designed, built, and managed. Autodesk B.I.M solutions help turn information into insight and deliver business value at every step in the process. B.I.M incorporates major elements of estimating, cost and project management. As a result, the B.I.M computer model is a living representation of the actual structure at any given time. B.I.M is more than drawings- it is a date repository for building design, construction, and maintenance information combined in one convenient model to share. The benefits of B.I.M are that there are reduced changes during construction. Reduced conflicts during construction and improved construction. Improved collective understanding of design intent reduces claims, disputes, and conflicts. B.I.M provides the capability to design efficient “Green Buildings.” The future of B.I.M will only make B.I.M better, the Information of B.I.M will be utilized more, designers, constructors and building owners will leverage the information that is right in from of them to add value to the building they are producing. Room and furniture, fixture, and equipment validation between
BIM represents a migration in the architectural design field from two dimensions to three dimensions by creating intelligent, multi-dimensional building models. (Reddy, 2007). Through BIM, designers can enhance their computer projections to incorporate actual materials. BIM shows a building at every aspect of its development and illustrates construction, design and materials in detail. The embedding capacities of BIM make it a dynamic platform and allow multiple groups in different locations to work on projects. (Thomson and Miner, 2007)
Through globalization, technology has increased rapidly in not only in Malaysia but also other country. In Malaysia, Industrialised Building System (IBS) is one of the technologies that has implemented by government. It has started since 1960’s. But however it becomes more popular in 1998 when government recommends a Strategic Plan as the blueprint for whole construction sector.
During concept design and developed design stages, BIM technology and processes were used to develop and establish building performance and the basis of design in accordance with the client’s standards. The models were required to be interoperable with analytic tools for, including but not limited to, building envelope, orientation, daylighting, energy consumption, Building Management System (BMS), renewable energy strategies, life cycle cost analysis, and spatial requirements (Andrian X Sanchez 2015). Thus the main stakeholders of the PCH project established a series of BIM-related objectives:
The design and construction of buildings can be a complicated business involving different professions, contractors, sub-contractors and operatives. This type of work is varied and employs many construction personnel with different roles and responsibilities, working together to complete a project in as successful way- on time, on budget and to the right specification. A large project would involve a great number of different activities:
Using BIM Tools The goal of integrating BIM tools into your business process is to improve efficiency, constructability and predictability on your projects. This can be done with a combination of BIM tools that enable collaborating, coordinating and communicating during all phases of development, from design, through preconstruction, construction and operation. The entire project team, including designers, contractors, subcontractors, project management and building management can communicate openly.
The changes that have come about with the introduction of BIM usage within UK Government contracts necessitate for Education Institutes to re-evaluate existing construction specific courses to adequately implement BIM into the curriculums at all levels to provide continuing educational development within construction specific courses (Suwal, 2013).
The future direction for the Architecture and Building industry is clearly BIM. Although there are disadvantages to BIM but this is so with every technology. The question is do the advantages far outweigh the disadvantages? In the case of BIM the answer is a clear yes. In the past decade, there has not been any technology, invention or innovation that has had such an impact on the Architecture and building industry as BIM. In 2005, a survey conducted by the American Institute of Architects showed that 85% of architects had never heard of BIM. However, by 2009, 75% of architects are heavy users of BIM. This is a 160% increase in 4 years. (Pierce,2009).
The aim of this Literature Review is to gain an understanding of what Building Information Modelling (BIM) is, what SMEs are, establish the importance of BIM, why BIM should be implemented and to explore the key issues associated with the adoption and implementation of BIM by SMEs in a live construction environment.
According to the collected data and the relations associated with involved components, the researcher summarizes the beneficence and contribution of IPD, Lean principles, and BIM in the conceptual model. In order to establish a powerful checklist for construction projects that expect to apply all remarkable characteristics of each element in ILB’s collaboration, six prime measures are evaluated and considered for the common synergies. As a result, the summary is represented in Table 5.2.
The future of our industry lies in how best we can integrate and communicate all our work with various stakeholders to manage a project efficiently. This has given rise to an area called construction informatics where a significant amount of research is being done. The area deals with a range of subjects from integration to interoperability and from knowledge mining to strategic management. This area came into existence from two fields. The first was the use of computers to design and carry out time and cost calculations. The other was for computers to categorize and store essential information. Currently, integration, interoperability, innovation along with strategic management of Information and Communication Technologies are the key areas of research of construction informatics (Isikdag 2009).