Review of Two Journal Articles on Educational Leadership Essay

1040 Words5 Pages
With the passage of NCLB, many school reform efforts have been initiated using top-down model in which each school leaders have been charged with initiating bold administrative changes to address the legislation. With the number of leadership theories and models, researchers have become interested in studying those to determine which might bring forth the most significant results for leading such change. Due to the lack of highly qualified administrators and the increasing demands for administrators, Bush, O’Brien & Spangler (2005) studied a program, the Southern Tier Leadership Academy, a collaborative of the New York Education Department. The study included three separate cohorts who completed an eight month program. Whereas, Somech…show more content…
The Somech (2005) study, a correlational design (Lodico, Spaulding, & Voegtle, 2010), resulted in data that was collected by surveys from 140 teams from 140 different elementary schools with a total of 712 teachers and 140 administrators in Israel while the Bush study, a causal-comparative design (Lodico, et al., 2010), collected input from three separate cohorts in New York that resulted in thirty-five respondents over a period of three years; this study was a mixed methods design, using both quantitative and qualitative measures. Certainly the rationale for each study is rooted in the need for more effective leaders in education, particularly with regard to the demands of the standards and accountability movements that are increasing tensions for schools across the nation. Researchers, as well as state departments and school districts, have great interest in what variables may affect the more desirable outcomes.
In Somech’s (2005) study, the interest was to determine if a directive leadership or participative approach affected greater impact upon managing school effectiveness, in which effectiveness was defined as empowerment, organizational commitment, team effectiveness and innovation. In his study, three hypotheses were stated. Whereas, Busch, et al. (2005) stated only a purpose for the study, i.e., to
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