Richard Lazarus and Susan Folkman's and Stress and Coping Paradigm

1526 Words Mar 20th, 2012 7 Pages
Discuss Richard Lazarus and Susan Folkman’s and stress and coping paradigm and in view of this paradigm explain age and individual difference in the experience and handling of stress 1. Introduction

Stress is induced by life events .Lazarus and Flokman in (Cavanaugh and Blanchard –Field (2005) point out stress is defined by the person and that no two people experiences stress the same event in exactly the same way. Each individual has a specific tolerance for stress depending on general level of adjustment, the internal and external resources available to that person, flexibility of learned coping mechanisms and the degree and type of stress being experienced .The rise in stress that results from emotional hazardous
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The physiological abilities change with increasing age, older adults often have few physical resources to deal with stressful situation .The situation that was appraised as less stressful in middle aged may be appraised as stressful later in life

Lazarus and Folkman in Cavanaugh 2005 and Blanchard describe three types appraisal of stress. Primary Appraisal The event is classified into three groups based on the significance it has on the person’s well being. People decide which events are potentially stressful and which ones are not • Irrelevant: An event that does not affect us personally. • Positive /benign :An event that has good effects ( achievements )

Secondary Appraisal An event is judged as harmful, challenging and threatening .Secondary appraisal involves evaluating of the perceived ability to deal with the stressful situation .It where an individual recognises that he /she is facing a challenge for which his/her coping strategies have proved ineffective.

Re appraisal Re appraisal involves making a new primary and secondary appraisal