The second advancement of the Gothic architects solved problems of the Romanesque period. The Romanesque cathedrals had thick walls that gave the feeling of confinement, and their massive arches seemed ill proportioned to their small windows, which created little light. The rib vaults allowed the architects to increase the spaciousness and height, reduce the thickness of the supposrting walls and arches, and enlarge the area of the windows inside the cathedrals.
Ancient Rome achieved many accomplishments that have influenced numerous cultures with the development of both concrete and arch having great influence in architecture. This paper discussed the development of both concrete and arch. Further discussed are the importance of concrete and arch in the life of Rome and the results of their use.
Although the Romans were influenced and used parts of what the Greeks had previously designed and established, they quickly adopted new techniques combined with the existing techniques to construct a whole new range of architectural structures. In this style the Romans added to the Greek Corinthian columns making them even more decorative. The Romans also created their own column style known as the Composite Capital which was a combination of the volute from the Ionic order and the acanthus design from the Corinthian. (Cartwright,
The second advancement of the Gothic architects solved problems of the Romanesque period. The Romanesque cathedrals had thick walls that gave the feeling of confinement, and their massive arches seemed ill proportioned to their small windows, which created little light. The rib vaults allowed the architects to increase the spaciousness and height, reduce the thickness
Even today, arches with similar style of that of the Romans could still be seen today. I remembered visiting Princeton University last summer. I remember seeing arches everywhere within the Princeton University’s campus. The entrance to some of the buildings were massive arches that created tunnels. The catholic-style church in the center of the campus also contained many arches as its foundation. I believe that, through the use of arches, Princeton university built a campus that was both elegant and reliable. One question I would pose would be: Can you think of any modern architectural ideas that are as innovating as the Roman
In fact, many of the infrastructural advances often attributed to the Romans were actually Etruscan in origin. For example, the Etruscans developed a system of drainage within their cities that was unmatched by any other culture at the time, and directly led to the creation of the famous Roman aqueducts . As well, the Etruscans built many roads between their cities that the Romans later used, and aspects of the Etruscan’s road building techniques can be seen in Roman roads. One of the most well-recognised features of Roman architecture is the arch, but the use of arches was actually a technique adapted from the Etruscans. Public Etruscan buildings were usually made to look impressive, and this is something that the Romans carried on, as they used similar bright colours and high archways to create a stunning effect. The Etruscans tended to build their cities in a grid pattern, and while Rome itself was laid out in a rather haphazard fashion, many other Roman cities were built in a more grid-like, Etruscan
The Roman Empire is credited with the development of many great achievements. These achievements can still be seen in Rome and throughout the world. The Romans are well known for their aqueduct system and huge colosseum that are still standing today. These monumental building feats would not have been created without the use and knowledge of many different techniques. The use of cement was one of the technologies employed to build these large structures. The utilization of arches was another. Many people associate the idea of arches with the Romans. However, they were not the first people to utilize arches. This paper will concentrate on why the Romans were credited with developing the arch; what they did to improve previous cultures use of arches; and how the Romans used arches to create massive structures that are still standing today.
The Romanesque and Gothic style cathedral shared the same floor plan—the Latin cross. Despite this similarity, the design and structure of these cathedrals was quite different. Romanesque style churches employed a heavy stone structure to withstand the force of the building’s height, made possible by stone vaulting. The walls were thick and contained small windows, if at all. Gothic style cathedrals were so large they physically dominated the town. Gothic style cathedrals could reach even greater heights because the round arch, used in the Romanesque cathedral was replaced by the emergence of the pointed arch. Each of these were made of heavy stone, but the pointed arch was much more successful because the weight of the building was thrust downward into the foundation, instead of
Art, being an important part of our human activity, offers us an interesting and meaningful life. As the time goes by, art is not a single word that belongs to a noble or rich people, but it belongs to all of us from billionaires to workers. The New Wave Arts Center, located in Bloomington, Indiana, should provide a piece of pure land for ballet dancers to experience and for audiences to enjoy.
The word “Romanesque” means the “Roman Manner.” This term was created to describe early medieval European church architecture around 1150-1200. The features that make these churches Romanesque are the solid masonry walls and rounded arches and vaults of the Roman buildings. Vaults were very important to Romanesque architecture. Vaults were made because they were strong and durable, and they allowed for the Gregorian chant to be enhanced, because of the acoustical effect.
Defining characteristics which began to create the line between Romanesque and Gothic architecture was the use of flying buttresses, this allowed for more light, bigger windows, and of course the use of a pointed arch rather than the rounded arches. Other characters which were developed and characterized as Gothic were the inclusion of large vertical towers, flamboyant spires, plate tracery windows, emphasis on windows, the reintroduction of sculptures, glass stained windows.
As the Romans held on to Greek culture so eagerly it quickly became the foundation of Roman culture. Roman forms of architecture evolved mostly from reshaping Greek models, but clearly stands apart from its ancestors. The Romans were quick to adopt new techniques in construction; new use of materials, and new architectural structures. The Romans made
Gothic architecture began in the 12th century and continued well into the 16th century as an attempt to reconcile Christian theology with Greek philosophy. Gothic architecture was deeply rooted in the previous architectural genre, the Romanesque, but architects this time around no longer desired to recapture the ‘classical’ and ‘antique’. If we focus on the Gothic cathedral, we’ll find that a Gothic cathedral had a unified and unbroken space that included the apse, rather than separating them like the Romanesque architects did. The main characteristics of Gothic style cathedrals included the groin-vault. Barrel-vaults had become too difficult to make and too heavy to install and so the Gothic architects decided to pull away from them and utilize groin-vaults instead. The ribs in the groin-vaults were conveniently aligned to form a diamond pattern on the ceilings. Atop these vaults was the second main characteristic of
The Romans engrossed some crucial know-how from the Etruscans. The article states “this included the “arch” and the ”vault”, which were destined to carry Roman engineering into a development directly away from that of ancient Greece” (Roman architecture [sa]). The vaulting techniques used by the Romans were the simple geometric forms: the groin vault, the segmental vault, and the semi-circular barrel vault. The vault surfaces were customarily covered with stucco or tiles as recommended construction techniques.
Much of the architecture in the Romanesque era evolved into Gothic architecture. The Gothic era ran from the 12th century into the 16th century. There wasn’t necessarily a clean break from Romanesque to Gothic styles of architecture, but rather a gradual shift in design. The main characteristics of Gothic architecture are the pointed ribbed vaults and arches, flying buttresses and, in place of solid walls, a cluster of columns. Due to the vertical emphasis of the design, the archways could be redesigned and stretched or pointed. Four main Figure 5 – The depressed arch supported by fan vaulting at King’s College Chapel, England.