Saint Brigid 's Centre for the Arts in Ottawa was formally called St. Brigid’s Church as a Roman Catholic Church which was designed and built by architect John. R. Bowes and his son, James Bowes together. After 2007, the church was closed and now uses for all kinds of artistic, cultural and social events such as concerts, plays or art exhibitions. The architectural plan of the church was rectangular Roman basilica with twelve compound piers with transverse aisle on either side crossing the longitudinal nave in front of the sanctuary. The Romans’ most greatest techniques of architectures were influenced by its of the Etruscans and has developed three architectural features: arch, dome and vault in the 1st century BC. Romanesque architecture has characteristically elements: Semi-circular arch, Barrel vaulting of the nave, thick buttress walls and Gothic architecture has three elements which came together in Gothic period: Pointed arch, Ribbed vault and Flying buttress.
Among Architecture terms, a vault is an arch- shaped structure used to provide an enclosed space with a ceiling or roof of a building and is a unique element to analyze which architectural design was in history. There are four certain types of vault to be classified: Barrel and Groin vault which were used in Romanesque period, and Rib and Fan vaults which were used through the Gothic period of the later Middle Ages.
A barrel vault is the simplest base design of the vaults, which was developed to more