Sample and Participants
For the purposes of this study, the method used to select participants was convenience sampling. Therefore, 30 students from the University of the Ozarks located in Clarksville, Arkansas, were selected to participate in the study. The ages of the students ranged between 18 and 25 years. In order to conduct this study, a control group and an experimental group were created consisting of 15 members each. The first group was the experimental group where the participants were required to own an iPhone and download an app. The second group was the control group where participants owned any type of smartphones and did not have to download a specific app. The reason students had to be owners of an iPhone was…show more content… At the end of the 24-hour period, the students recorded the amount of time they actually used their smartphone according to the Moment app. This procedure was performed for two days. At the end of the second day, these students completed the post-test. The post-test consisted of three questions based on the Likert Scale. The first question asked whether their estimations matched those of the app; the second question asked whether they were surprised with the results; the last one, questioned their likeliness of changing their cellphone use. The control group, on the other hand, only completed a pre-test consisting of a two-question survey, which asked the students whether they were aware of the time they spent on their smartphones and whether they were likely to change the amount of time spent on their smartphones.
Control Group A total of 30 students participated in the study, 15 downloaded the Moment app and 15 only estimated the amount of time spent on smartphones. Both groups obtained interesting results. Firstly, the results of the study showed that people in the experimental group estimated using their iPhone less than the students in the control group. Correspondingly, as observed in appendix VI, the first group had a median estimation of 159 hours, while the second group had a median estimation of 298.47 hours. When asked whether students were likely to change their smartphone