Sample and Participants
For the purposes of this study, the method used to select participants was convenience sampling. Therefore, 30 students from the University of the Ozarks located in Clarksville, Arkansas, were selected to participate in the study. The ages of the students ranged between 18 and 25 years. In order to conduct this study, a control group and an experimental group were created consisting of 15 members each. The first group was the experimental group where the participants were required to own an iPhone and download an app. The second group was the control group where participants owned any type of smartphones and did not have to download a specific app. The reason students had to be owners of an iPhone was …show more content…
At the end of the 24-hour period, the students recorded the amount of time they actually used their smartphone according to the Moment app. This procedure was performed for two days. At the end of the second day, these students completed the post-test. The post-test consisted of three questions based on the Likert Scale. The first question asked whether their estimations matched those of the app; the second question asked whether they were surprised with the results; the last one, questioned their likeliness of changing their cellphone use. The control group, on the other hand, only completed a pre-test consisting of a two-question survey, which asked the students whether they were aware of the time they spent on their smartphones and whether they were likely to change the amount of time spent on their smartphones.
Control Group A total of 30 students participated in the study, 15 downloaded the Moment app and 15 only estimated the amount of time spent on smartphones. Both groups obtained interesting results. Firstly, the results of the study showed that people in the experimental group estimated using their iPhone less than the students in the control group. Correspondingly, as observed in appendix VI, the first group had a median estimation of 159 hours, while the second group had a median estimation of 298.47 hours. When asked whether students were likely to change their smartphone
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Jean M. Twinge proved that showing the bar graph of using smartphones during the day and night; they found lots of impact. Smartphones have defined the characteristics of the millennials; this is why it has led to changes in the society. The author has been researching the use of smartphones with this generation for 25 years and has found that this characteristic has come to define this generation. This generation has been increasing since the “baby boomer “era that occurred after World War II, which started in 1939. Twinge was interested in studying the millennial generation to find as much information as she could. She explains that she found out that the excessive use of smartphones changes teen behaviors and emotional states. She also showed us her analyses data to show us the differences. She explains there is a big difference between the millennials and the predecessors like the way they view the world. It is not about only their behavior they had that was the difference but also how they spent their time. “In 2012, Americans
Some could argue that Smartphones are the most vital innovation in mankind's history (Doward 16). With all the imperative tasks that they could execute, it has become part and parcel of peoples’ lives. It has reached a point where almost every person cannot go through the day without checking their cell phone. Individuals
“More than three billion people worldwide now use the internet (Time), and 80 percent of them access if from their smartphones” (Smart Insights). A smartphone is a mobile phone that performs many of the functions of a computer, typically having a touchscreen interface, and much more. There is an abundant amount of smartphone brands out there in the world and while they all cost different prices, they all perform the same job. Each person uses their smartphone for various reasons, whether it’s for work or to make calls or texts. Smartphones have changed society in various ways, both good and bad. Although countless individuals think that smartphones have ruined American society, smartphones have actually benefited society because of more safety precautions, information on hand, and entertainment.
Cell phones and the computers are similar to each other in many different ways. One of the most common similarities is the internet aspect. With everyone connected to the internet, the adverse effects can spread throughout like a virus. “A Nielsen study released in 2010 indicated that texting was the primary reason for purchasing mobile phones and that text communication had become a "’centerpiece of mobile teen behavior.’" The modern smartphone of the 2010s is a powerful computing device, and the rapid and ongoing development of new applications provides users with a growing number of ways to use mobile phones for recreation, productivity, and social communication” (Issitt 2016). In the following Issitt states, “however, as smartphones have become more common, concerns about the detrimental effects of smartphone use have also increased.” (Issitt 2016). Issitt expresses the large growth of people with smartphones has its positives and negatives. The positives being the ability to communicate, but the negative being the effects on relationships with one another. An example of the negative side of things is the lack of interaction with people. People are more likely to call or text instead of interacting with one another. The lack of interaction can ruin relationships, or make people feel unwanted. In the article “Eurasian Journal of Educational Research,” the writer states that the internet, “can transform into an addictive instrument in excessive usage situations.” (Gunduz 2017). The statement explains the issue of the unnecessary use of the internet as a growing addictive process that is taking over more and more
Over the last four decades, mobile devices have become the trademark of our society.cell phones and other mobile devices have inundated our society At any given time; we can see drivers talking or texting in a moving vehicle. According to Brenner (2013), 87% of American adults and 78% of teenagers own a cell phone. The scary part is that almost two-thirds of
College students own a computer or smartphone, a more compact and mobile version of a computer, or both. Thanks to the mobility of smartphones that makes them ubiquitous, accessing the internet is effortless. Frequently, I notice students dotting all over the campus interacting with their smartphones. In his book, “Smarter Than You Think,” Clive Thompson states, “Our tools are everywhere, linked with our minds, working in tandem (p. 347).” In other words, we are likely to be using our computers whenever we have a chance. In particular, students from my writing class opt to use their smartphones during our short ten-minute break. For instance, sharing a similar experience, the author of “Is Google Making Us Stupid?,” Nicholas Carr says he is likely to use a computer when he is not working (par. 3). In brief, smartphones
This study examined cell phone use among university students that were alone and in a group. Specifically, we were interested in observing whether students alone in a coffee line or students in a group in a coffee line, spent more or less time on their cell phone. We were also interested to observe if gender affected cell phone usage and whether males or females were more likely to be in a group. The purpose of this study was to determine if university students that are alone spend more or less time on their phone than students that are in a group. We also examined if gender was an important factor on whether a student was in a group or alone. Using naturalistic observation, we calculated the amount of time individual students were on their phone per three minute time interval. The hypothesis was that students alone in a coffee line would spend the most time on their phone. We also predicted that women were more likely than men to be in a group.
In “Jessie Brown: Who Says Smartphone Addiction is bad thing? The case for constant connectivity” (Brown, 2012), Brown claims that the cellphone is not the problem, in fact, it is the person and how they choose to value their time while using smartphones.
Although smartphones are making life in the twenty-first century very convenient, they introduce a variety of consequences from excessive use. There are parts of the author’s argument that could take into consideration some other points, while other parts of her assertion are spot on and very accurate.
On June, 02, the first day of recording the usage of technology, I used about seven hours and fifteen minutes. I set up my alarm on my phone to wake up at 6:30 in the morning. I always wake up at 6:30 a.m. but, I could not get up from my bed. I use to check my Facebook and email until 7:00 a.m. on my bed. As soon as I get up from my bed, I play music on my phone until I arrive to school at 7:45 in the morning. I play music on my phone as soon as I get on my car until I get home; it is about 13 minutes. I have to call to my bank when I get home because I could not swipe my card. It took me at least 30 minutes. After the call, I get on my Facebook and chat with my friends about one hour and thirty minutes. I use to cook dinner at 3:00 p.m. and always take me two hours to finish up every dishes. I always used to play music on my laptop while I am cooking. At 8 o’clock, I used my laptop to study about an hour. Before I sleep, around 9:15 p.m. I watched a movie on Netflix. It took about one hours and fifteen
campuses, a growing number of students fill the time between classes texting and talking on their smartphone or they are using their phone to listen to music, play a game, check their bank savings, or to use any number of other applications and features their phone provides.”(292) Phones have basically taken over, and these are some of the ways and reasons why people are addicted to their phones.
As babies cry when they sense that their parents are away, people also become extremely anxious when they are not with this or even cry when they lose it: a cell phone. With smartphones’ great advancement, they have brought great convenience and become one of the necessary parts to mankind. Without a doubt, the time of cell phone use and its influence on people have drastically increased and problems of overusing smartphones are also followed by this phenomenon. The younger generation especially has problems with overusing smartphones because they are used to using modern technology and most of them interact with their friends through social networking. Following this trend, college students’ smartphone use has become an object of public concern and many types of the research related to the relationship between their cell phone use and academic performance in college have been conducted. Interestingly, from those research, there is confirmation that overusing cell phones directly affects students’ health and lifestyle and it ends up making a link with academic success.
Smartphones have been a big part of our lives for many years. Some of us had purchased one of the very first smartphones and continued to upgrade over time, and others were born into the world with smartphones being an everyday item. They have impacted our lives in many ways. We use them to learn new information, to keep in touch with family, to learn what’s going on in the world, or even just to escape from the world. But what new ways have we been using the smartphone instead of for entertainment? Some of the generations after us are raised with smartphones and they know them like the back of their hand. Many people have been thinking that maybe they’ll have a bigger advantage if they used their smartphones during school, and there are a select group of people that think that kids are addicted to their phones and should have less time with them. Many schools still don’t allow their students to bring electronic devices to their classes but there are some that like to use smartphones as a study tool so that the students interact and understand the lesson more. Education systems are slowly but surely changing their way and adding smartphones to their daily lessons to help improve students’ academic life.
Mobile devices have highly evolved over time. In fact, in todays’ world almost everyone has some sort of device in hands reach. Whether it be a computer, cell phone, or even a television remote. But although devices were devised to benefit our society, it also brought along many flaws. In recent discussions about mobile devices, a controversial issue has been whether spending a large amount of time on mobile devices are a bad thing. However, some argue that mobile devices are good daily tools for learning and other aspects. In a recent study Hilao (2017) states that Mobile devices plays a big role on students’ lives in the digital age by offering different types of learning, such as open-ended questions, SMS background knowledge, and engaging the students in learning. My own view is that, Mobile devices play an important role in most peoples’ lives. Computers, phones, and other types of devices have become very common. This issue is important because the number of students around the world gaining technology is rapidly growing and with the fixture of distraction, Lack of sleep, performance in school, and social skills students will have a positive outcome from mobile technology.
Mobile phones are an important part of college and university life. If you just look and review your own activity throughout the day at an educational campus, you will find that your mobile phone usage will be more than whats required for you to complete your daily tasks. Research suggests that students are still using their mobile phones inside the classroom, despite very particular and strict rules from doing so (Tindell & Bohlander, 2012). As the industry of technology still continues its rapid growth, a mobile device does appear to be helpful for students to use in their learning environment, contributing to individual academic performance. Meaning, that a mobile phone gives students the instant access to something they will be able to use on their computer, in theory giving them the same education enhancing capabilities, such as e-mails, content and file sharing ,etc (Bull & McCormick, 2012; Tao & Yeh, 2013). However, recent research does show that students use their mobile phones for leisure purposes rather than boosting their knowledge within an educational campus. Students use their mobile phones more for, social networking, music and watching content on the internet (Lepp, Li & Barkley, 2015; Lepp, Barkley, Sanders, Rebold, & Gates, 2013). If mobile phones are used more for leisure rather than educational purposes then this in turn will affect students learning, however, the potential relationship between mobile phone use and academic performance is