I did this research to find out what were the experiences of women who knew they were pregnant and how was their experience coping with such loss. I will interview these women one- on –one, through these interviewed I will assess the positive and negative aspects of this experience. This research is a qualitative study which uses a narrative approach to examine the information obtained from the interview. Ten females between the age 22-25 years old who have had a miscarriage in the first trimester were interviewed for this research. Through this research I have found that women find comfort in having a support system during this process. The participants in this study stated that in their community having a miscarriage comes with a stigma, therefore having a supportive surrounding eased the experience. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists(2016) research reveals that 10-25% of all recognized pregnancies will result in a miscarriage. It is important to explore this topic in order to understand the grieving process of individuals who have suffered from a miscarriage and implement nursing interventions to ensure a better safer outcome for both the female and the family as a whole.
Second trimester miscarriage is defined as pregnancy loss after 12 weeks and before 24 weeks gestation and can be a devastating experience for parents. There is little research examining parents’ experiences of second trimester miscarriage.
The effects that impact on anyone that has ever had a miscarriage, is dramatic and as well dealing with the emotional and psychological effects it causes. Not only for a short period of time that this will go on, but it can last all the way till the next time to try to conceive again or for the rest of a women’s life if they never conceive. A woman can develop anxiety from it and the fear of never being able to ever have a baby of her own has a big impact on her relationship with her spouse and friends that have kids of their own. It is not easy going to baby shower after baby shower seeing all the other children walking around and seeing your best friend carrying her first at nine months pregnant. As we all grow up and move on other relationships,
When the parents of a perinatal loss are first informed about their loss, they are instantly put into a stage of shock or disbelief. Most women are unprepared and experience post-traumatic stress disorder and anxiety (Coleman, 2015). It is common for parents to be in denial about the loss of their baby. This can last minutes to years. During this stage, there is little emotion shown. You will rarely see the parents of a perinatal loss crying during the stage of denial.
Miscarriage is the most common complication of pregnancy in the United States, occurring in 15-20% of clinically-recognized pregnancies, or ~1,000,000 cases annually. - Despite its frequency, the majority of Americans believe that it is a rare complication occurring in 5% or fewer of all pregnancies. Miscarriage can be an unexpected and emotionally devastating diagnosis for patients and their partners with studies showing that some women may suffer from psychological morbidity for months after the miscarriage and even into subsequent pregnancies. Our recent study revealed that those who have suffered a miscarriage frequently feel guilty, isolated and alone. Additionally, there are widespread misperceptions as to the
The importance of providing support for women who have a history of miscarriage has increased in the last decade, not only during the following months after the loss, if not in their subsequent pregnancies. Consequently, it is increasingly recognized that having previous miscarriage can be related with psychological and mental health disorders in their next pregnancies (Lok I.H, 2007; Hutti, Armstrong & Myers, 2011). Also, it is well-documented that women who have a history of miscarriage show higher levels of anxiety and depression in their subsequent pregnancies (Cote-Arsenault, 2014; Bergner A, 2008; Cote-Arsenault, 2007; Armstrong DS, 2004; Amstrong, 2002; Cote-arsenault & Dombeck, 2001; Geller, Klier, & Neugebauer, 2001; Gong X, 2013).
According to London et al. (2014), stillbirth is defined as the “death of a fetus or infant from the time of conception through the end of the newborn period 28 days after birth” (p. 481). In 2011, in the country of Taiwan, there were a total of 2,321 stillborn births and it was reported that 60% of the women who experienced this loss suffered from severe postpartum depression within 4 years (Tseng, Chen, & Wang, 2014, p. 219). Although it is known that the mothers of these infants suffer with traumatic stress, follow-ups after stillbirths are rare and there is no community support groups available. There is not much information available on the experience of Taiwanese women who experience a stillbirth nor is there information about the steps taken by these women to recover from their loss. Thus, this study seeks to understand the experiences of these Taiwanese women who have experienced the loss of an infant and how they cope within their society (Tseng et al., 2014, p. 219).
Original Quantitative Research Question: Does use of progesterone in early pregnancy explain viable pregnancies in patients with a history of miscarriage?
This paper reviews recent studies on the long lasting effect pregnancy loss has on it's families. Research has shown that families have increased risks of developing mental health disorders and strains on previous relationships. As research continues to develop we see that pregnancy and infant loss is taking a social economically toll on the families surviving this tragedy.
In the paper I will make a group proposal for a support group for couples who have suffered from one or more miscarriages. During the time of the group meetings we will help work through the grief that is felt by the couple after the experience of a miscarriage in the last year. In this proposal I will lay out rationale of the group. This will include the reason for the groups and why it is needed. I will also cover the objective of the group, meaning what goal and progress do both I and the client expect to see. In the practical considerations section of this paper I will detail how I plan attract members, screen them, and the size and composition of the group. Additionally, I will also detail in
In order to elaborate the above mentioned aspects Tower Hamlets Borough has been chosen by the researcher. In the context of Tower Hamlets Borough, 17% of the maternal deaths in the Borough between the period of 2011-2012, which included direct, indirect and late (between 42 days-365 days after delivery,
A loss of a fetus can only be deemed a miscarriage in the UK so long as it has a gestation date of 23 weeks 6 days, within the first two trimesters of a pregnancy. First-trimester miscarriages account for the majority of miscarriages, occurring in the first 12 weeks of gestation. They account for 20% of the overall rate of miscarriages (Stalder, 2012). Although light vaginal bleeding is relatively common during the first trimester of pregnancy, the most obvious way a woman can suspect that she has miscarried is vaginal bleeding followed by cramps/pain in the lower abdomen (NHS, 2015).
In many conditions the mother faces depression when told she is pregnant which can lead to abortion. During a study performed by the Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, it was found that “40–45% of women experience high levels of anxiety between the diagnosis of pregnancy” (263). In addition to feeling anxiety when they are pronounced pregnant, many continue to have emotional distress. Canário, Figueiredo and Ricou found “20% of women are reported to experience high levels of depression” during the pregnancy or after the pregnancy has been terminated (263). Depression and anxiety have many consequences for the body of an expectant mother and the potential child. This depression can last for longer than a few months after the mother
These miscarriages typically occur during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. Studies have shown that women who have high A1C Levels are at a greater risk for having a miscarriage. Fortunately, women who get their blood sugar under control are less likely to have a miscarriage in the future.
Before looking at the possible factors that lead to spontaneous abortion, it would be beneficial to examine the parameters that make an atypical pregnancy. It is most simple to define a regular human pregnancy as the birth of one healthy child per gestation. A common variation that occurs in human pregnancy is the gestation of multiple fetuses. In research by Robinson and Caines (1977), it was discovered that more twins are conceived than were born. This study found nearly half of its sample of thirty women, all of whom were diagnosed with a double pregnancy during the first trimester of their pregnancy, give birth to a single child. While the health risks a mother can incur when gestating twins seem