Secularization And Secularism

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The idea of Humanism, or a man centered universe, led to the further misleading of society. Ideas such as secularization of the individual led to the secularization of society as a whole. Traditional ways such as a Church governed society were pushed away, as people did not want to feel convicted of their sin. However, the Reformation, in reaction to this shift away from a God centered society, tried to bring back the old ways of governing, in which the appointed authorities protected the people, while the church morally led society. Once again only one of them could have it right, and the other wrong, and the answer is found in the Bible.
Starting in the Renaissance, an attempt was made to further separate the church and society. Many
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Martin Luther argued that there were two distinct spheres of human life that influenced the actions of each individual as well as society as a whole. The first sphere, Luther called the temporal sphere, and was designed to keep the world safe and secure, and protect it from problems within itself and from other foreign dangers. It was liable for the direct body, and life of the people. The other sphere was called the spiritual sphere, and was responsible for the soul. In other words, it set the moral guidelines for society, and was supposed to do its best to keep people on track with God's Word and Law. In his Open Letter to the Christian Nobility, Luther says, "Therefore, just as Those who are now called "spiritual" -- priests, bishops or popes -- are neither different from other Christians nor superior to them, except that they are charged with the administration of the Word of God and the sacraments, which is their work and office, so it is with the temporal authorities, -- they bear sword and rod with which to punish the evil and to protect the good. A cobbler, a smith, a farmer, each has the work and office of his trade, and yet they are all alike consecrated priests and bishops, and every one by means of his own work or office must benefit and serve every other, that in this way many kinds of work may be done for the bodily and spiritual welfare of the community, even as all the members of the body serve one
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