Self Explanation And Practice Testing

1365 Words Nov 8th, 2015 6 Pages
The best way to study is highly debated in the academic and educational world as it has been suggested by Credé and Kunzel (2008) that the habits and strategies students engage in whilst studying correlates with how well they perform academically. With this in mind, many researchers have now begun conducting numerous studies into the field of studying techniques, in order for students to learn and partake in the techniques that have been suggested to be the most effective and beneficial in their use. Dunlosky, Rawson, Marsh, Nathan & Willingham (2013) composed a research article, exploring ten main studying techniques including highlighting, self-explanation and practice testing, which therefore allowed students to empirically evaluate each technique to maximise their chance of academic success.

One technique Dunlosky et al. (2013) focused on was Elaborative Interrogation. Dunlosky et al. (2013) state that humans have a natural tendency to seek explanation for situations and behaviours around them resulting in the question “Why?”, which he believed could be advantageous in promoting learning. This technique involves the learners actively engaging in generating an explanation for an explicitly-declared fact, meaning they support new information with preceding knowledge. Willoughby & Wood (1994) state that learners ‘activate schemata’, which organise this newly acquired information then utilise retrieval. However, it has been suggested that organisation on its own is not…
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