Advanced Practice Registered Nurses (APRNs) continue to play a vital role in providing patient centered healthcare in different environments and settings. There are several types of healthcare personnel categorized as APRNs including mid-wives, nurse anesthetists, clinical nurse specialists, and family nurse practitioners among others (Newhouse, 2011). One major issue of concern is to identify whether a nursing role is clinical or no clinical. Family Nurse Practitioners (FNP) comprise of registered nurses working autonomously or collaborating with other healthcare professionals to deliver healthcare in family-centered settings. They offer a broad range of healthcare services revolving around the concept of the family unit.
Early identification of sepsis is crucial when caring for patients at risk for sepsis. The
Nurse practitioners (NPs), or Advanced Practice Registered Nurses (APRNs), play an essential role in the growing complexity of the healthcare system. Established in the early 1960s, nurse practitioners have served as skilled clinicians, meeting the healthcare needs of patients as the availability of primary care physicians continued to decrease. Much like a Primary Care Physician, Nurse Practitioners can serve as a primary health care providers or specialize in particular areas of health care like family medicine. Many Nurse Practitioners, for instance Family Nurse Practitioners (FNP), work in collaboration with physicians in hospitals or outpatient facilities, while others work autonomously in private practices. With their graduate-level education and clinical training, family nurse practitioners can diagnose illnesses, conduct exams, treat complex health conditions, and prescribe medications. Family nurse practitioners place a strong emphasis on wellness and prevention, but also provide treatment for everything from mild ailments to serious conditions affecting any member across the age span.
Septic shock is the leading cause of death for patients in intensive care units and is the final stage in a continuum of infectious and inflammatory processes. This continuum begins with bacteremia, which is the presence of bacteria in the blood. Normally the body’s immune system can fight off a localized infection caused by a small amount of bacteria in the blood and the person will remain asymptomatic. However, a hospitalized patient could be immunocompromised, have a
Is sepsis complicated by organ dysfunction, is diagnosed in more than 750,000 patients per year and has mortality rates as high as 28%-50%.
Family Nurse Practitioners (FNP) are nurses who have acquired a higher level of education after Nursing. FNP are trained to treat, prescribe, and to provide quality healthcare needs for patients. The role of a FNP varies according to their realm of practice and state requirements. The amount of service that they can provide depends on the freedom of practice the state gives the FNP. Each state has various boundaries set for NPs to practice their field of healthcare. Nurse Practitioners can use their knowledge as a RN to boost their NP skills by using improved patient care techniques and evidence-based practice. Evidence-based practice provide NPs support by laying out the necessary components of healthcare methods in an organized fashion. NP learn to use evidence based practice to provide patients with the best possible care and treatment available. write more..
There is a disease continuum with increasing severity if not treated or not responsive to treatment o Sepsis
The number of documented cases has been rising every year. “This may be due to the aging population, the increased longevity of people with chronic disease, the spread of antibiotic-resistant organisms, an upsurge in invasive procedures and broader use of immunosuppressive and chemotherapeutic agents” (National Institute of General Medical Sciences, 2014). The mortality rate for sepsis ranges from about thirty percent for patients with sepsis to fifty percent in patients who develop septic shock. Mortality rate varies as to how many organs have been affected. Twenty percent mortality for one organ failure, forty percent for two organs failing, sixty-five to seventy percent for three failed organs, and seventy-five to eighty-five percent when four or more organs have failed. The cost related to sepsis is about seventeen billion dollars per year (about twenty-two thousand dollars per patient), which is six times greater than the cost of patients without sepsis.
Burney, M., Underwood, J., McEvoy, S., Nelson, G., Dzierba, A., Kauari, V., & Chong, D. (2012). Early detection and treatment of severe sepsis in the emergency department: identifying barriers to implementation of a protocol-based approach. Journal Of Emergency Nur
The progress of my project to develop a nurse driven sepsis screening tool and an algorithm for implementation on the intensive care unit (ICU) for early identification and prompt treatment of septic patients has progressed remarkably well. I have been productive in gathering current guidelines for sepsis with the aid of my preceptor who is a critical care nurse practitioner on the ICU. With his help, I have been able to assemble key pieces of research to create a sepsis screening tool, and a treatment algorithm with sepsis resuscitation bundles. Extensive research has been conducted to integrate evidence-based practice in my project. I have also spent time with the unit educator, critical care intensivists, and my colleagues in brainstorming and collecting ideas about my project.
Under the Core measures, Sepsis is one of the problem-focused trigger for systemic infection and if untreated which can lead to death. In United States, it is the 11th leading cause of death and consumes the large amount of costs about $20.3 billion in 2011 (Jones et al.,2016). According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 1.5 million people diagnosed with sepsis, and at least 250,000 patients die from that yearly (CDC, 2017). The evidence-based research revealed with results of certain pre existing conditions, pathophysiological studies, preventive measures and sepsis bundle for treating and preventing sepsis to save the life of the patients.
The early sepsis protocol has a huge impact on Emergency Department (ED) patients that are suspected of sepsis. The studies have shown that early recognition has a significant effect on the patient’s outcome. My paper will only analyze data collected in the critical care settings and focus mainly on the importance of early recognition of the signs and symptoms of sepsis to meet the three hour window treatment as recommended by the Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC).
A methodical search was undertaken of the databases – PubMed, CINAHL and ScienceDirect to ascertain the most appropriate evidence. Search terms used were “Sepsis Prevention”, “Sepsis Management” “Sepsis Early Recognition” and “Sepsis Detection” and merged using Boolean Logic (Glasper and Rees,
According to the National Institute of General Medical Sciences severe sepsis strikes about 750,000 people in the United States each year and kills an estimated 28 to 50 percent of those individuals. The most vulnerable populations for sepsis are the elderly and newborns. After completing the whole eleven segments, I learned that anyone with an infection may be at risk for developing sepsis. The whole scenario helped me how to screen for sepsis and how important is to recognize and respond appropriately to early signs of sepsis in hospitalized patients. Once sepsis is diagnosed, early and aggressive treatment can begin which greatly reduces mortality rates associated with sepsis. After completing the whole scenario I learned how to approach