Skewed Sex Ratio in India: Stopping Female Foeticide Essay

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BSTRACT:
Through this paper, I would like to address the heinous act of female foeticide practiced at an alarming rate in various Indian states. I would like to focus on how the phenomenon of selectively eliminating female foetus is not dying away, but rather is emerging as a new disturbing trend. I even wish to highlight how with rapid advancement, technologies such as ultrasound and pre-natal diagnosis are being misused in order to find the gender of the infant.
What I wish to mainly examine is the failure of implementation of the PNDT Act. Along with it, I critically wish to analyze why despite awareness being created against such crime there hasn't been much substantial reduction achieved in this matter.
I plan to structure the paper
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They always seem to be confronted with innumerable obstacles. But the most disturbing form of gender segregation can be seen in terms of denying a girl child her basic fundamental right i.e. 'right to life'! The practice of killing the 'unwanted' girl child or FEMALE INFANTICIDE is not new as this tradition has been surviving from past several generations.
Before moving ahead, I would like to demarcate female foeticide from female infanticide.
Female infanticide is the traditional method used for getting rid of undesired girl child. "They employ various ways such as either poisoning her or choking her or by crushing her skull under a charpoy."1 Female foeticide on the other hand uses sophisticated techniques to get rid of the foetus before it is even born! It uses technologies like ultrasound scan and amniocentesis to determine the gender of the foetus during pregnancy.
Since I have provided a brief explanation as to what female foeticide refers to, I would like to highlight how this act has, over the years, turned out to be seen as a grave threat.

FEMALE FOETICIDE : A STARK REALITY:
Censuses of 1991 and 2001 have revealed contradictory trends i.e. Census of 1991 highlighted both overall sex ratio as well as child sex ratio declining whereas Census of 2001 projected an increase in overall sex ratio but a decline in child sex ratio. How can such a phenomenon be explained?
To trace an answer to this we ought to look upon prior Censuses. To begin with, the Census of

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