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Sleep Deprivation

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How Sleep Deprivation Leads to Cardiovascular Disease
Sleep Deprivation is a condition where an individual do not meet the required hours of sleep most of the time. It is a common problem among teenagers and adults. Although lack of sleep does not lead to a serious health problem right away, but doing it repetitively can lead to physical and health problems gradually. Sleeping is one of the basic needs that our body makes in order to regenerate good health for both mental and physical aspect.
Sleep Deprivation is a common health problem in United States. There is an appropriate sleep duration for each age group. According to National Sleep Foundation, School-Age Children should be having 9-11 hours of sleep, Teenagers 8-10 hours, and
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Just one night of lack of sleep can result in increased blood pressure. In one large study conducted by Institute of Medicine Committee in Sleep Medicine and Research—that lack of sleep and disordered sleep are also associated with heart attacks and possible stroke. Getting 5 or fewer hours of sleep per night was associated with a 45 percent increase of heart attack (the researcher controlled for age, weight, smoking, and snoring)— (Colten HR and Altevog BM 2006)
During sleep, the primary hormone that works is the melatonin. It is a hormone that is released by the pineal gland that alerts an individual that the body needs to sleep at night this hormone can also be suppressed by light. When an individual is sleeping the bodies blood pressure drops. This reduces the workload of the heart, but when an individual has an inadequate sleep there are several hormones that can interrupt the sleep cycle. The hormones that works or can interrupt the sleep are Adrenaline, Cortisol, and Thyroid hormones. Adrenaline is a strong hormone that can directly affects the blood pressure. When the adrenaline level remained high during the night this causes a big spike in the blood pressure which can cause hypertension. Cortisol also known as “stress hormone” is highest in the morning. Upon waking up, the cortisol level spikes up to prepare the body to deal
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