Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD)

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According to the DSM 5, social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a chronic and persistent disorder characterized by an intense fear of social situations. Those with SAD often fear that other will judge them for negative traits or evaluate them harshly, preventing them from engaging in social behaviors. This fear may seem disproportionate to the situation faced and sociocultural context involved, but is salient enough to be debilitating and effect daily functioning. ). Many of the afflicted inhibit their behavior to avoid such fearful situations, which will impact their functioning in school, relationships, and later in life, the workplace. The onset of anxiety symptoms often occurs between early childhood to late adolescence, approximately 8 to 15…show more content…
Participants were asked to fill out the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for the DSM-IV, for both the participant and parent of participant, the Affect and Arousal Scale, the CBCL/6-18, the Child Depression Inventory, the Dimensional Ratings, the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scales and the Revised Children’s Manifest Anxiety Scale. These additional measures were included to test convergent validity. Results showed that CBCL/6-18 anxiety scale had fairly good reliability (a= .79), similar to that seen in the CBCL/4-18 (a= .77). The CBCL anxiety scale correlated significantly (p <.001) with all measures included for reliability, except for the Revised Children’s Manifest Anxiety Scale and Affect and Arousal Scale for Children. Divergent validity was also found the lack of statistically significant correlation between the CBCL anxiety scale and measure of externalization, except the parental oppositional dimensional rating (p <.001), as was expected by researchers. Researchers also noted a difference in mean score between children with social anxiety (M= 5.1, SD=3.1), and any other anxiety disorder (M= 4.9, SD=3.2) and those without (M= 2.6, SD=2.5), with a 99% confidence interval, but not between those with social anxiety and all other anxiety disorders. The lack of statistically significant differentiation
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