Social, Biological And Psychological Theories

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In society today, many individuals are negatively influenced by the media and the way crime is portrayed. The cause of crime has been studied over decades ago and is continuing to be studied. Many researchers have had their theories and reasons as to why crime happens and what drives one to commit crime. Environmental, social, biological and psychological theories are all potential variables of why crime happens. Critics may argue that crime is caused by the way someone is raised and one becomes a product of their environment. Others may argue that there is something called the crime gene. A professor named Dr. Mairi Levitt at the University of Lancaster is a researcher in the field of bioethics, focusing primarily on how science and …show more content…

Psychological theories attempt to look deep into the mind of the individual Akers et al., (2013). Psychological theories cover a broad range of approaches as to why crime is committed and what the causal factors are. Lam, Salkovskis and Warwick (2005) support this and found psychological theories refers to psychological reactions to stressors, negative beliefs and meanings and feedback loops, focused on information processing and the mind.
Psychological theories recognize the effect of an individual’s experience, especially in early childhood, and environmental factors that may trigger criminal behavior, but they propose abnormal personality type/traits or emotional maladjustments as the primary causes of crime Akers et al., (2013). Psychological theorists believed that behavior, criminal or non-criminal is not related to one’s biological make up. According to Kate Friedlander (1947), classical Freudian psychoanalytic explanations of delinquency focus on abnormalities or disturbances in the individual’s emotion development from early childhood Akers et al., (2013). In terms of mental health, to better understand this theory, psychological theories are perceived could influence beliefs of patients and non-patients alike in terms of factors such as stigmatization, beliefs about the outcome of treatment, motivation, pessimism and so on.
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