Social Policy: Definition, Concept, Source, Model & Assumptions

1440 Words Jan 19th, 2012 6 Pages
Social Policy
The Oxford dictionary defined SP as ‘settled course of action followed and adopted by the government or a political party’.
The word policy refers to the particular course of action followed because it happens to be useful for the time being whereas social refers to anything that got to do with the society and its betterment.
SP can be defined as a series of public policies designed to promote social development, undertaken by a variety of actors through a range of instruments. Social policy has both intrinsic and instrumental value; intrinsic in terms of creating equality of opportunity, and instrumental in terms of strengthening the legitimacy of public institutions and social integration.
According to Levin (1997): SP
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A left leaning politics will mean more socialist while a right wing will be more oriented towards economic growth. Govt used social policy to strengthen, support and execute their adopted ideology 4. Social Reforms taking place in the country also influences social policies. Reform leads to legislation which leads to policy. Most social reform aims to change the society for better, and the betterment of the society is wanted by the govt, which means it led to social legislation. 5. National Plan: In india, it is through the Five Year Plan that the govt announce the social policies objectives.
Process of Social Policy Formulation: 1. Identifying problems and opportunities 2. Defining and prioritizing issues 3. Placing issues on the public agenda 4. Defining goals and objectives and identifying alternative approaches 5. Evaluating alternative approaches 6. Selecting alternatives 7. Implementing selected alternatives; and 8. Evaluating programmes

Models of Social Policy: 1. Residual Welfare Model of Social Policy: The Residual welfare concept is based on the premise that an individual needs are best met through the family and the market economy. It has in inherent mistrust in government, and sees welfare as a charity or privilege and not a right. Eg. A day-care centre is set-up because ‘certain parents are not yet properly trained or incapable of taking care of their children as should be the norm, so a policy is formulated until those