Social Stratification And Social Inequality

Decent Essays

Social stratification exists in almost all societies. On a global scale, countries are arranges in a stratified hierarchy of positions, with some possessing economic prosperity and political dominance while others experience social crises and financial hardships. The dimensions of both social class and inequality offers insights as to why social stratification persists. Social inequality is indicated by a high degree of disparity in income, wealth, power, prestige and other resources. It is characterised by the existence of unequal opportunities and rewards for different social positions or statuses within a group or society. It refers to the ways in which socially-defined categories of persons (according to characteristics such as gender, age, class and ethnicity) are differentially positioned with regard to access to a variety of social ‘goods’, such as the labour market and other sources of income, the education and healthcare systems, and forms of political representation and participation. Social inequality has several important dimensions. Income is the earnings from work or investments, while wealth is the total value of money and other assets minus debts. Other important dimensions include power, occupational prestige, schooling, ancestry, and race and ethnicity. These and other forms of social inequality are shaped by a range of factors, such as geographical location or citizenship status Evidence suggests a strong link between social inequality and a variety of

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