Study Of Evolution Of Mitochondria

1743 Words Dec 6th, 2016 7 Pages
Title: Study of Evolution of Mitochondria in different species of plants and Animals.
Aayushi Shah shah.947 ID#:200404635

Title: Study of Evolution of Mitochondria in different species of plants and Animals.
ID#:04635

Introduction: - The mitochondria is a double membrane organelle that is found in all eukaryotic organisms. There is some evidence that proves some eukaryotes lack mitochondria, but there is no true evidence about complete lack of mitochondria in the organisms. Mitochondria is known as a power house of the living body cell. They store energy in the cell and release it as needed. Every structure in Mitochondria have their own specific roles which helps in storing energy (See Figure 1 for details). Evidence shows that mitochondria evolved from primitive bacteria. Did mitochondria evolve from primary bacteria or were they the new adaptation in the plants and animals? In this paper we are going to see how Mitochondrion have been evolved in different species and what methods have been used to prove that evolution. There is still debate between scientists about whether mitochondrion really evolved from bacteria or if it was present in the cells before bacteria were present.
Yang et al. [1] says that Mitochondria’s cytochromes c (which is a mitochondrial intermembrane protein that is loosely attached to the inner membrane of mitochondrial membrane) is relatively close to the bacterial medium subunit in sequence of cytochrome. Cytochrome c is…
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