Taking a Closer Look at Type 1- Diabetes Essay

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Type 1-diabetes deprives cells of the sugar that is need for energy in the cells. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce insulin or not enough insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is involved in controlling how the body converts sugar into energy in our cells. Type 1-diabetes is not as common as type 2-diabetes. According to the University of Maryland type 1 diabetes accounts for 5 - 10% of all diabetes cases. Most cases of type 1-diabetes typically develop in childhood or adolescence and can happen in both boys and girls. However type 1-diabetes can occur at any age but is more prevalent in the younger population. (Diabetes - type 1, 2013) Type 1-diabetes is more common in whites than in other ethnic groups. According to the…show more content…
In spite of this children are more likely to inherit the disease from a father with type 1 diabetes than from a mother with the disorder. (Diabetes - type 1, 2013) Some research suggests that viral infections may trigger the disease in genetically susceptible individuals. Among the viruses being studied are enteric viruses, which attack the intestinal tract. Coxsackie viruses are a family of enteric viruses of particular interest. Epidemics of Coxsackie virus, as well as mumps and congenital rubella, have been associated with type 1 diabetes. (Diabetes - type 1, 2013) Another thought on type 1-diabetes are certain illnesses that damage or destroy the pancreas, such as pancreatitis, pancreatic surgery. (Harvey Simon, 2012) Pregnancy related factors may also play a role in type 1-diiabetes. Having these factors does not mean that you'll develop type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes usually develops suddenly and advances quickly. Warning signs of type 1- diabetes include frequent urination, unusual thirst, and increase in appetite, dry mouth, fruity order to the breath, sudden and unintentional weight loss. Other signs are weakness, extreme fatigue, and irritability. Another symptom in people with type 1-diabetes could be changes in eyesight such as blurred vision. Children with type 1 diabetes may also be restless, apathetic, and have trouble functioning at school. In severe cases, diabetic coma which
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