A Brief Note On Diabetes And Its Effects

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Diabetes mellitus, simply known as diabetes, is a condition where the body does not process food properly (CDC). Originating in Europe and Africa, diabetes has become the seventh leading cause of death in the United States, in between pneumonia and Alzheimer 's Disease. The pancreas, an organ located near the stomach, makes a hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cell of our bodies. A person is diagnosed a diabetic when their bodies do not produce enough insulin or they cannot use their own insulin as an energy source. This causes sugars to build up in the blood as well as major complications. The first case of diabetes recorded in medical textbooks was about 1425 (Dr. Ananya Mandal). In 1675, Thomas Willis, an English doctor, added the word “mellitus” to diabetes because of the sweet taste of urine. It was not until 1776 when an English physician named Matthew Dobson confirmed that the sweet taste of urine was from the excess sugars in the bloodstream of diabetics.

There are two types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2 (CDC). Type 1, also called juvenile diabetes, accounts for 5-10% of the people diagnosed with diabetes. The risk factors include one’s environmental surroundings and genomic DNA. If a person has had a close family member such as a parent or sibling diagnosed with diabetes, their risk of developing the disease is somewhat higher than others. Type 2 accounts for 90-95% of all those diagnosed. This type is more common in teenagers and adults.

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