TDA 2.1 Child and young person development. 1.1 Describe expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years.
Birth to one year
New-born babies can: * see faces as fuzzy shapes * grasp an object that has touched the palm of their hand * turn their head to look for a nipple or teat if their cheek is touched * suck and swallow * try to make stepping movements if they are held upright with their feet on a firm surface * startle in response to a sudden sound or bright light * stretch their arms suddenly and then bring them in if they feel they are falling * recognise their mother’s voice and smell * cry…show more content… Intellectual development: this is learning the skills of understanding, memory and concentration.
Communication and speech development: this is learning to communicate with friends, family and all others.
Although development is called different names, it is important to remember that these areas are interconnected and link with one another.
There are three basic principles of human development that apply to everyone from birth. 1. Development starts from the head and works down the body.
A new baby cannot hold up his or her head alone. Yet, within a few months, the baby will be able to sit alone. This is because control of the spine and central nervous system develops from the top of the head down to the base of the spine. You can see this control developing in a baby as he or she starts to hold the head without support. Similarly, a new-born baby waves his or her arms around vaguely, yet in nine months’ time will find the tiniest crumb or piece of Lego easy to pick up with the thumb and finger. This is because the nervous system also develops from the spinal cord out to the extremities (hands and feet). 2. All development happens in the same order, but can occur at different rates.
A baby has to hold his or her head up, learn to sit with support, and then without support, before he or she can stand by holding on to furniture and then