Terms:. Phytonutrients: Compounds Found In Plants That

1437 WordsJan 20, 20176 Pages
Terms: Phytonutrients: Compounds found in plants that have health-improving properties such as antioxidants, and anti-inflammatory and liver-improving items. Fiber: Parts of plants your body can’t absorb, it passes through your stomach, small intestine, colon, and out your body. Magnesium: A mineral that regulates protein synthesis, blood glucose control, and blood pressure regulation in the body and is necessary for energy production. Iron: Supports metabolism and helps with growth, development, normal cellular functioning, and synthesis of some hormones and connective tissue Calcium: Needed for vascular contraction and vasodilation, muscle function, nerve transmission, intracellular signaling and hormonal secretion Vitamin A:…show more content…
Consuming excess sugar can lead to weight gain, cavities, diabetes, increase your body’s demand for insulin, causing it to put pressure on your pancreas to produce said insulin, resulting in pancreatic cancer. In addition to this, studies have shown that high blood pressure, kidney disease, liver failure, heart disease, cognitive decline, and other nutritional deficiencies are also possible. Carbs ~ Sugar; simple carb ~Starch; complex carb ~ Fiber; complex carb Carbs give us energy and should be used before activity. If not used right away, the carbs are converted to glucose, which is then stored in the liver and muscles as glycogen. However, these organs can only hold so much substance, and when too much is saved up, the excess glycogen is stored as fat. The glycemic index lists foods from most likely to raise blood sugar to least likely to do so. Complex carbs are better for you in this way because they are typically lower on the glycemic index than simple carbs and are less processed and refined. Fat Dietary fat is also known as fatty acids and are the fats that are good for you and should be applied to your everyday diet. These can be found in both plant and animal products. Fat is necessary because certain vitamins need fat to dissolve into your bloodstream, but too much can cause too much weight gain. Foods contain a

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