Testing For Multiple Incidents Of Ivf Failure And Rsa

Decent Essays

IVIG for Multiple Incidents of IVF Failure and RSA
Leslie A. Howard
Maryville University

Author Note
Leslie A. Howard, St. Louis, Missouri. Correspondence concerning this review should be addressed to Leslie A. Howard, 1029 Jackson Street, St. Charles, MO 63301. Email:

IVIG for Multiple Incidents of IVF Failure and RSA
Unexplained infertility and recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) are current problems in healthcare. Infertility, which is the inability to produce a child over a one-year period while living with one’s spouse or significant other, is increasing and can be due to delayed childbearing, increased pelvic infections, and lower quality of sperm (Isaksson & Tiitinen, 2004). Many women turn to in vitro fertilization (IVF) to aid in pregnancy; however, with a 30% live birth rate, even women treated with IVF experience repeated inability to become pregnant (Li, J., Chen, Liu, Hu, & Li, 2013). This is defined as failed implantation following the transfer of an embryo (Li, J., Chen, Liu, Hu, & Li, 2013). Some women successfully become pregnant following IVF, but experience spontaneous abortion during the pregnancy. Treatments for unexplained infertility and RSA have surfaced, but questions arise as to whether or not the treatments truly affect pregnancy outcomes. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is a treatment that has been used to aid in successful pregnancy during IVF cycles (Virro, Winger, & Reed, 2012). Therefore, the question

Get Access