The American School Counseling Association ( Asca )

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Although the American School Counseling Association (ASCA) (2104) outlines suitable roles, school counselors often still spend a lot of their time balancing various job roles. Some of the responsibilities school counselors have consists of assisting students, working with parents, and doing administrative tasks. The many roles tackled bring speculation surrounding the stress levels experienced by school counselors. Previous studies have been conducted that investigated the relationship of various factors with stress and burnout in the field of school counseling (Wilkerson & Bellini, 2006; Wilkerson, 2009). However, there is a gap in literature when it comes to examining role stress in school counseling (Culbreth, Scarborough,…show more content…
In addition, the author suggests that this study does not demonstrate cause and effect between work stressors, coping, and bum out. Additionally, the limitations to the Wilkerson and Bellini’s (2006) study, similar to the Wikerson (2009) study, included participants of the sample who were most healthy. Furthermore, this study needs to be done with a larger sample size to be able to generalize the results. Lastly, other factors in future studies need to be measured, such as self-efficacy. Another study completed by Culbreth et. al (2005) examined role conflict constructs among middle and high school counselors. This study investigated eight specific professional characteristics, such as, job perception, and training to examine the role conflict constructs. A total of 726 participants for this study were recruited from the American School Counselor Association using The Dillman Tailored Design Method (Dillman, 2000) (as cited in Culbreth et. al, 2005). The participants included both middle school and high school counselors whose demographic backgrounds varied. The Role Questionnaire (RQ) was used to measure the participants perception of their job. In order to examine role stress, the following RQ scales were used for this study: role conflict, role incongruence, and role ambiguity. Furthermore, a demographic questionnaire was used to gather data regarding experiences with
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