The Arab Spring

1807 WordsNov 29, 20138 Pages
The Arab Spring The Arab Spring is an uprising in the Arab world against their government. The uprising started in Tunisia by a man named Mohamed Bouazizi who set himself on fire in protest for the harassment and repression from the Tunisian government. Rebel groups throughout the Arab world in countries such as Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Syria and Bahrain, were formed with the intent of overthrowing their government and/or changing their regime. This came as a shock to many political scientists because they widely understood that the dictatorship was stable in the Middle East. However, they were wrong and as a result, the United States is faced with a dilemma concerning the support of the newly democratic states and their policies.…show more content…
26). In 2010 the elections were just part of a broad plan to ensure that the transition of power from Mubarak to his son Gamal, was a smooth one (Shehata, pg. 29). However, the people of Egypt were not too fond of the succession of power that was about to take place. Therefore, all of these factors tied in together to achieve their goal of removing Mubarak from power. Many people were very surprised by the uprising that occurred in the Middle East because many political scientists saw these autocratic states as stable. The reason was because the dictators were doing a good job keeping people from rebelling through the use of bribes, suppression or co-optation. Also, according to Goldstone, political scientists recognize that revolutions are very hard; therefore scientists assumed that the Rebels would give up and no war would occur. In addition, they thought that “Islam is inimical to democracy and that the Arab culture remains too patriarchal and traditional to support democratic change” (Gause, pg. 82-83). However, we now understand that the concept of democracy is popular in the Arab world “and that when given real electoral choices, Arabs turned out to vote in large numbers” (Gause, pg. 83). The only way that Arab autocrats were able to stay in power over the past 40 years was though brutally suppressing popular attempts to unseat them (Gause, pg. 83). Also, due to the fact that a majority of Arab presidents once served in the army before they

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