The Attachment Theory in Child Psychology Essay

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The Attachment Theory in Child Psychology The term "attachment" describes "an infant's tendency to seek closeness to particular people and to feel more secure in their presence" (Atkinson et al, 2000, p90). This essay will attempt to provide a brief and up to date summary of attachment theory and research, show how it is linked to Child Abuse, the Family, and Children and Divorce, critically evaluating attachment's predictive value.

One of the most influential theories in the history of attachment has been that of John Bowlby developed during a study of the mental health of homeless children for the World Health
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However, the political implications of the era in which it was developed cannot be ignored with men returning from war and needing jobs back! In contrast, Freud & Dann (1951) found that the negative outcome for the child of deprivation (lost or separated from mother), or privation (no particular person to attach to), in concentration camps, was alleviated by the company of other children. cheekycool

Bowlby's somewhat pessimistic view of the consequences of maternal separation/deprivation has been actively debated and was the catalyst for much contemporary work. Rutter (1971) in Rutter (1999) p65, challenged Bowlby's (1960) findings that linked significant separations in early childhood with stealing tendencies/delinquency in boys. He found that emotional disturbances related to the reasons for separation from the primary caregiver, i.e. serious tensions at home, parents with mental illness and acrimonious divorces were responsible for later delinquency, rather than the separation itself. Tizard (1989) also challenged monotropy finding adopted

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