The Biomechanical Frame Of Reference In

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Biomechanical Frame of Reference in Occupational Therapy

Christina M. Rafferty
Somtochukwu Okerulu
HCC Coleman College

Introduction/ Overview
The outcome of occupational therapy intervention is “supporting health and participation in life through engagement in occupation.’’ The types of occupational therapy interventions include occupation based intervention, purposeful activity and preparatory methods, consultation, education, and advocacy. Intervention approaches are the strategies that direct the process of intervention and these include create/promote, establish/restore, maintain, modify, and prevent disability.
The biomechanical approach is a remediation or restorative
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The biomechanical approach is a study of the relationship between musculoskeletal function and how the body is designed for and use in performance of daily occupations. The effect, purpose, and meaning of engagement in these activities influence the client’s compliance, effort, fatigue, and improvement in movement capacity.
The foundational concept of the biomechanical approach has its roots in the structural arrangement of the human body. It also places emphasis on the functional components of the body system. An occupational therapist analyzes physical demands of expected performances when analyzing activities. The practitioner matches the client’s body function and body structure to physical activity demands before proposing treatment.
Theoretical Assumptions of Biomechanical F.O.R
The biomechanical approach assumes that the client has the capacity for voluntary control of the body (muscle control) and mind (motivation). It is anatomy and physiology that determines normal function, and humans are biomechanical beings whose range of motion (ROM), strength, and endurance have physiological and kinetic potential as well as role relevant behaviors. The biomechanical frame of reference is a key reference to use in conjunction with various others in enabling OT to access and identify a client’s occupational performance within the various activities of daily living. It is important when taking a holistic approach to practice, as

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